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Reforming China's multi-level environmental governance: lessons from the 11th Five-Year Plan

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>08/2012
<mark>Journal</mark>Environmental Science and Policy
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)106-111
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date6/06/12
<mark>Original language</mark>English


China's planned environmentalism during the 11th Five-Year Plan (FYP) period was successful at reducing sulfur dioxide (SO2) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) due to the target responsibility system (TRS) on pollution reduction goals, which led to a redefined responsibility of environmental protection from local Environmental Protection Bureaus (EPBs) to local government leaders. However, the weakness of current mono-centric planning process is obvious in the context of governing complex socio-ecological changes. In this paper, two alternative approaches, decentralization of the nation's planning regime and participatory governance with public involvement, were proposed to improve China's environmental governance system.