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Relationship between fatness, physical fitness, and academic performance in normal weight and overweight schoolchild handball players in Qatar State

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  • S. Hermassi
  • M.S. Chelly
  • L.B. Michalsik
  • N.E.M. Sanal
  • L.D. Hayes
  • C. Cadenas-Sanchez
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Article numbere0246476
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>19/02/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>PLoS ONE
Issue number2
Volume16
Number of pages14
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the correlation between physiological parameters (namely fatness and physical fitness) with academic performance (namely mathematics and science grade point average [GPA]) in normal weight and overweight schoolchild handball players. Thirty-six young male team handball players (age: 9±1 years; body mass: 45.5 ±14.2 kg; height: 1.38±9.1 m; body fat: 19.7±5.6%) at the highest national league for their age group participated. Anthropometry was examined by measuring body mass, body fat percentage (%BF), and body mass index (BMI). Fitness testing included the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test (level 1), squat jumps (SJ) and counter-movement jumps (CMJ), and upper-limb throwing performance (2 kg medicine ball seated front throw), a 15 m sprint test, and a T-half test for change-of-direction (COD) ability. Academic performance was evaluated through school records of grade point average (GPA) of mathematics and science. BMI was negatively correlated with science GPA (r = -0.57, p