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Responses to ultraviolet-B radiation (280-315 nm) of pea (Pisum sativum) lines differing in leaf surface wax

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Responses to ultraviolet-B radiation (280-315 nm) of pea (Pisum sativum) lines differing in leaf surface wax. / Gonzalez-Cuesta, Raquel; Paul, Nigel; Percy, K; Ambrose, M; McLaughlin, CK; Barnes, JD; Areses, M; Wellburn, Alan.

In: Physiologia Plantarum, Vol. 98 , No. 4, 12.1996, p. 852-860 .

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Gonzalez-Cuesta, R, Paul, N, Percy, K, Ambrose, M, McLaughlin, CK, Barnes, JD, Areses, M & Wellburn, A 1996, 'Responses to ultraviolet-B radiation (280-315 nm) of pea (Pisum sativum) lines differing in leaf surface wax', Physiologia Plantarum, vol. 98 , no. 4, pp. 852-860 . https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1996.tb06695.x

APA

Gonzalez-Cuesta, R., Paul, N., Percy, K., Ambrose, M., McLaughlin, CK., Barnes, JD., Areses, M., & Wellburn, A. (1996). Responses to ultraviolet-B radiation (280-315 nm) of pea (Pisum sativum) lines differing in leaf surface wax. Physiologia Plantarum, 98 (4), 852-860 . https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1996.tb06695.x

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Author

Gonzalez-Cuesta, Raquel ; Paul, Nigel ; Percy, K ; Ambrose, M ; McLaughlin, CK ; Barnes, JD ; Areses, M ; Wellburn, Alan. / Responses to ultraviolet-B radiation (280-315 nm) of pea (Pisum sativum) lines differing in leaf surface wax. In: Physiologia Plantarum. 1996 ; Vol. 98 , No. 4. pp. 852-860 .

Bibtex

@article{719c7f4a5f404ffb90636dbd5f7886f0,
title = "Responses to ultraviolet-B radiation (280-315 nm) of pea (Pisum sativum) lines differing in leaf surface wax",
abstract = "To test the hypothesis that leaf surface wax influences plant responses to UV-B, 6 lines of cultivated pea (Pisum sativum L.), selected as having more or less wax, were grown at 0 or 6.5 kJ m(-2) day(-1) plant weighted UV-B against a background of 850-950 mu mol m(-2) s(-1) photosynthetically active radiation In the 4 lines with least leaf surface wax the amount of wax on adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces was increased following exposure to 6.5 kJ m(-2) day(-1) UV-B, but UV-B decreased surface wax in Scout, which had the greatest wax deposits. On the adaxial leaf surface, UV-B radiation caused a shift in wax composition from alcohols to esters and hydrocarbons and the ratio of short to long chain length alkyl ester homologues was increased. There was no evidence of a shortening in carbon chain length of hydrocarbons, primary alcohols or fatty acids due to UV-B and no significant correlation between wax amount and UV reflectance from leaves. UV-B induced significant increases in UV-absorbing compounds in the expanded leaves and buds of most lines. UV-B reduced the growth of all lines. Foliage area (leaves plus stipules) declined by 5-30%, plant dry weight by 12-30%, and plant height by 24-38%. Reductions in growth occurred in the absence of any changes in chlorophyll fluorescence or photosynthetic rate. UV-B also had no major effect on carbon allocation patterns. The effects of UV-B on growth appeared to be due to changes in tissue extension and expansion. Indeed, many of the responses to UV-B observed in this study of pea appear more consistent with indirect effects being expressed in developing tissues rather than through the direct action of UV-B on mature tissues. There was no evidence that wax amount or biochemistry was associated with the sensitivity of the lines to UV-B radiation. Furthermore, induction of pigments was not correlated with changes in growth. However, lines with the greatest constitutive amounts of pigments in unexpanded bud tissues were most tolerant of elevated UV-B. ",
keywords = "Chlorophyll fluorescence, cuticle , growth , leaf surface wax , photosynthesis , Pisum sativum , reflectance , UV-B, UV-B absorption",
author = "Raquel Gonzalez-Cuesta and Nigel Paul and K Percy and M Ambrose and CK McLaughlin and JD Barnes and M Areses and Alan Wellburn",
year = "1996",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1111/j.1399-3054.1996.tb06695.x",
language = "English",
volume = "98 ",
pages = "852--860 ",
journal = "Physiologia Plantarum",
issn = "0031-9317",
publisher = "Blackwell-Wiley",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Responses to ultraviolet-B radiation (280-315 nm) of pea (Pisum sativum) lines differing in leaf surface wax

AU - Gonzalez-Cuesta, Raquel

AU - Paul, Nigel

AU - Percy, K

AU - Ambrose, M

AU - McLaughlin, CK

AU - Barnes, JD

AU - Areses, M

AU - Wellburn, Alan

PY - 1996/12

Y1 - 1996/12

N2 - To test the hypothesis that leaf surface wax influences plant responses to UV-B, 6 lines of cultivated pea (Pisum sativum L.), selected as having more or less wax, were grown at 0 or 6.5 kJ m(-2) day(-1) plant weighted UV-B against a background of 850-950 mu mol m(-2) s(-1) photosynthetically active radiation In the 4 lines with least leaf surface wax the amount of wax on adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces was increased following exposure to 6.5 kJ m(-2) day(-1) UV-B, but UV-B decreased surface wax in Scout, which had the greatest wax deposits. On the adaxial leaf surface, UV-B radiation caused a shift in wax composition from alcohols to esters and hydrocarbons and the ratio of short to long chain length alkyl ester homologues was increased. There was no evidence of a shortening in carbon chain length of hydrocarbons, primary alcohols or fatty acids due to UV-B and no significant correlation between wax amount and UV reflectance from leaves. UV-B induced significant increases in UV-absorbing compounds in the expanded leaves and buds of most lines. UV-B reduced the growth of all lines. Foliage area (leaves plus stipules) declined by 5-30%, plant dry weight by 12-30%, and plant height by 24-38%. Reductions in growth occurred in the absence of any changes in chlorophyll fluorescence or photosynthetic rate. UV-B also had no major effect on carbon allocation patterns. The effects of UV-B on growth appeared to be due to changes in tissue extension and expansion. Indeed, many of the responses to UV-B observed in this study of pea appear more consistent with indirect effects being expressed in developing tissues rather than through the direct action of UV-B on mature tissues. There was no evidence that wax amount or biochemistry was associated with the sensitivity of the lines to UV-B radiation. Furthermore, induction of pigments was not correlated with changes in growth. However, lines with the greatest constitutive amounts of pigments in unexpanded bud tissues were most tolerant of elevated UV-B.

AB - To test the hypothesis that leaf surface wax influences plant responses to UV-B, 6 lines of cultivated pea (Pisum sativum L.), selected as having more or less wax, were grown at 0 or 6.5 kJ m(-2) day(-1) plant weighted UV-B against a background of 850-950 mu mol m(-2) s(-1) photosynthetically active radiation In the 4 lines with least leaf surface wax the amount of wax on adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces was increased following exposure to 6.5 kJ m(-2) day(-1) UV-B, but UV-B decreased surface wax in Scout, which had the greatest wax deposits. On the adaxial leaf surface, UV-B radiation caused a shift in wax composition from alcohols to esters and hydrocarbons and the ratio of short to long chain length alkyl ester homologues was increased. There was no evidence of a shortening in carbon chain length of hydrocarbons, primary alcohols or fatty acids due to UV-B and no significant correlation between wax amount and UV reflectance from leaves. UV-B induced significant increases in UV-absorbing compounds in the expanded leaves and buds of most lines. UV-B reduced the growth of all lines. Foliage area (leaves plus stipules) declined by 5-30%, plant dry weight by 12-30%, and plant height by 24-38%. Reductions in growth occurred in the absence of any changes in chlorophyll fluorescence or photosynthetic rate. UV-B also had no major effect on carbon allocation patterns. The effects of UV-B on growth appeared to be due to changes in tissue extension and expansion. Indeed, many of the responses to UV-B observed in this study of pea appear more consistent with indirect effects being expressed in developing tissues rather than through the direct action of UV-B on mature tissues. There was no evidence that wax amount or biochemistry was associated with the sensitivity of the lines to UV-B radiation. Furthermore, induction of pigments was not correlated with changes in growth. However, lines with the greatest constitutive amounts of pigments in unexpanded bud tissues were most tolerant of elevated UV-B.

KW - Chlorophyll fluorescence

KW - cuticle

KW - growth

KW - leaf surface wax

KW - photosynthesis

KW - Pisum sativum

KW - reflectance

KW - UV-B

KW - UV-B absorption

U2 - 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1996.tb06695.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1996.tb06695.x

M3 - Journal article

VL - 98

SP - 852

EP - 860

JO - Physiologia Plantarum

JF - Physiologia Plantarum

SN - 0031-9317

IS - 4

ER -