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Robust Multi-Objective Optimization for EE-SE Tradeoff in D2D Communications Underlaying Heterogeneous Networks

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>10/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number10
Number of pages14
Pages (from-to)4936-4949
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date10/05/18
<mark>Original language</mark>English


In this paper, we concentrate on the robust multiobjective optimization (MOO) for the tradeoff between energy efficiency (EE) and spectral efficiency (SE) in device-to-device (D2D) communications underlaying heterogeneous networks (HetNets). Different from traditional resource optimization, we focus on finding robust Pareto optimal solutions for spectrum allocation and power coordination in D2D communications underlaying HetNets with the consideration of interference channel uncertainties. The problem is formulated as an uncertain MOO problem to maximize EE and SE of cellular users (CUs) simultaneously while guaranteeing the minimum rate requirements of both CUs and D2D pairs.With the aid of "-constraint method and strict robustness, we propose a general framework to transform the uncertain MOO problem into a deterministic single-objective optimization problem. As exponential computational complexity is required to solve this highly non-convex problem, the power coordination and the spectrum allocation problems are solved separately, and an effective two-stage iterative algorithm is developed. Finally, simulation results validate that our proposed robust scheme converges fast and significantly outperforms the non-robust scheme in terms of the effective EE-SE tradeoff and the quality of service satisfying probability of D2D pairs.