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Role of ADAMs in the ectodomain shedding and conformational conversion of the prion protein

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Role of ADAMs in the ectodomain shedding and conformational conversion of the prion protein. / Taylor, David R; Parkin, Edward T; Cocklin, Sarah L; Ault, James R; Ashcroft, Alison E; Turner, Anthony J; Hooper, Nigel M.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 284, No. 34, 21.08.2009, p. 22590-22600.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Taylor, DR, Parkin, ET, Cocklin, SL, Ault, JR, Ashcroft, AE, Turner, AJ & Hooper, NM 2009, 'Role of ADAMs in the ectodomain shedding and conformational conversion of the prion protein', Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 284, no. 34, pp. 22590-22600. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M109.032599

APA

Taylor, D. R., Parkin, E. T., Cocklin, S. L., Ault, J. R., Ashcroft, A. E., Turner, A. J., & Hooper, N. M. (2009). Role of ADAMs in the ectodomain shedding and conformational conversion of the prion protein. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 284(34), 22590-22600. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M109.032599

Vancouver

Taylor DR, Parkin ET, Cocklin SL, Ault JR, Ashcroft AE, Turner AJ et al. Role of ADAMs in the ectodomain shedding and conformational conversion of the prion protein. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2009 Aug 21;284(34):22590-22600. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M109.032599

Author

Taylor, David R ; Parkin, Edward T ; Cocklin, Sarah L ; Ault, James R ; Ashcroft, Alison E ; Turner, Anthony J ; Hooper, Nigel M. / Role of ADAMs in the ectodomain shedding and conformational conversion of the prion protein. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2009 ; Vol. 284, No. 34. pp. 22590-22600.

Bibtex

@article{d4ab6322369248c182eb601850f85f52,
title = "Role of ADAMs in the ectodomain shedding and conformational conversion of the prion protein",
abstract = "The cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) is essential for the pathogenesis and transmission of prion diseases. PrP(C) is bound to the plasma membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor, although a secreted, soluble form has also been identified. Previously we reported that PrP(C) is subject to ectodomain shedding from the membrane by zinc metalloproteinases with a similar inhibition profile to those involved in shedding the amyloid precursor protein. Here we have used gain-of-function (overexpression) and loss-of-function (small interfering RNA knockdown) experiments in cells to identify the ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloproteinases) involved in the ectodomain shedding of PrP(C). These experiments revealed that ADAM9 and ADAM10, but not ADAM17, are involved in the shedding of PrP(C) and that ADAM9 exerts its effect on PrP(C) shedding via ADAM10. Using dominant negative, catalytically inactive mutants, we show that the catalytic activity of ADAM9 is required for its effect on ADAM10. Mass spectrometric analysis revealed that ADAM10, but not ADAM9, cleaved PrP between Gly(228) and Arg(229), three residues away from the site of glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor attachment. The shedding of another membrane protein, the amyloid precursor protein beta-secretase BACE1, by ADAM9 is also mediated via ADAM10. Furthermore, we show that pharmacological inhibition of PrP(C) shedding or activation of both PrP(C) and PrP(Sc) shedding by ADAM10 overexpression in scrapie-infected neuroblastoma N2a cells does not alter the formation of proteinase K-resistant PrP(Sc). Collectively, these data indicate that although PrP(C) can be shed through the action of ADAM family members, modulation of PrP(C) or PrP(Sc) ectodomain shedding does not regulate prion conversion.",
keywords = "ADAM Proteins, Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases, Animals, Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases, Cell Line, Cell Line, Tumor, DNA, Complementary, Humans, Immunoblotting, Mass Spectrometry, Membrane Proteins, Mice, PrPC Proteins, PrPSc Proteins, RNA, Small Interfering, Recombinant Proteins, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction",
author = "Taylor, {David R} and Parkin, {Edward T} and Cocklin, {Sarah L} and Ault, {James R} and Ashcroft, {Alison E} and Turner, {Anthony J} and Hooper, {Nigel M}",
year = "2009",
month = aug,
day = "21",
doi = "10.1074/jbc.M109.032599",
language = "English",
volume = "284",
pages = "22590--22600",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.",
number = "34",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Role of ADAMs in the ectodomain shedding and conformational conversion of the prion protein

AU - Taylor, David R

AU - Parkin, Edward T

AU - Cocklin, Sarah L

AU - Ault, James R

AU - Ashcroft, Alison E

AU - Turner, Anthony J

AU - Hooper, Nigel M

PY - 2009/8/21

Y1 - 2009/8/21

N2 - The cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) is essential for the pathogenesis and transmission of prion diseases. PrP(C) is bound to the plasma membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor, although a secreted, soluble form has also been identified. Previously we reported that PrP(C) is subject to ectodomain shedding from the membrane by zinc metalloproteinases with a similar inhibition profile to those involved in shedding the amyloid precursor protein. Here we have used gain-of-function (overexpression) and loss-of-function (small interfering RNA knockdown) experiments in cells to identify the ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloproteinases) involved in the ectodomain shedding of PrP(C). These experiments revealed that ADAM9 and ADAM10, but not ADAM17, are involved in the shedding of PrP(C) and that ADAM9 exerts its effect on PrP(C) shedding via ADAM10. Using dominant negative, catalytically inactive mutants, we show that the catalytic activity of ADAM9 is required for its effect on ADAM10. Mass spectrometric analysis revealed that ADAM10, but not ADAM9, cleaved PrP between Gly(228) and Arg(229), three residues away from the site of glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor attachment. The shedding of another membrane protein, the amyloid precursor protein beta-secretase BACE1, by ADAM9 is also mediated via ADAM10. Furthermore, we show that pharmacological inhibition of PrP(C) shedding or activation of both PrP(C) and PrP(Sc) shedding by ADAM10 overexpression in scrapie-infected neuroblastoma N2a cells does not alter the formation of proteinase K-resistant PrP(Sc). Collectively, these data indicate that although PrP(C) can be shed through the action of ADAM family members, modulation of PrP(C) or PrP(Sc) ectodomain shedding does not regulate prion conversion.

AB - The cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) is essential for the pathogenesis and transmission of prion diseases. PrP(C) is bound to the plasma membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor, although a secreted, soluble form has also been identified. Previously we reported that PrP(C) is subject to ectodomain shedding from the membrane by zinc metalloproteinases with a similar inhibition profile to those involved in shedding the amyloid precursor protein. Here we have used gain-of-function (overexpression) and loss-of-function (small interfering RNA knockdown) experiments in cells to identify the ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloproteinases) involved in the ectodomain shedding of PrP(C). These experiments revealed that ADAM9 and ADAM10, but not ADAM17, are involved in the shedding of PrP(C) and that ADAM9 exerts its effect on PrP(C) shedding via ADAM10. Using dominant negative, catalytically inactive mutants, we show that the catalytic activity of ADAM9 is required for its effect on ADAM10. Mass spectrometric analysis revealed that ADAM10, but not ADAM9, cleaved PrP between Gly(228) and Arg(229), three residues away from the site of glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor attachment. The shedding of another membrane protein, the amyloid precursor protein beta-secretase BACE1, by ADAM9 is also mediated via ADAM10. Furthermore, we show that pharmacological inhibition of PrP(C) shedding or activation of both PrP(C) and PrP(Sc) shedding by ADAM10 overexpression in scrapie-infected neuroblastoma N2a cells does not alter the formation of proteinase K-resistant PrP(Sc). Collectively, these data indicate that although PrP(C) can be shed through the action of ADAM family members, modulation of PrP(C) or PrP(Sc) ectodomain shedding does not regulate prion conversion.

KW - ADAM Proteins

KW - Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases

KW - Animals

KW - Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases

KW - Cell Line

KW - Cell Line, Tumor

KW - DNA, Complementary

KW - Humans

KW - Immunoblotting

KW - Mass Spectrometry

KW - Membrane Proteins

KW - Mice

KW - PrPC Proteins

KW - PrPSc Proteins

KW - RNA, Small Interfering

KW - Recombinant Proteins

KW - Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=69249128689&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1074/jbc.M109.032599

DO - 10.1074/jbc.M109.032599

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 19564338

VL - 284

SP - 22590

EP - 22600

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 0021-9258

IS - 34

ER -