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Scientific Opinion addressing the state of the science on risk assessment of plant protection products for in-soil organisms

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  • Paulien Adriaanse
  • Philippe Berny
  • Theodorus Brock
  • Sabine Duquesne
  • Sandro Grilli
  • Antonio F Hernandez-Jerez
  • Susanne Hougaard Bennekou
  • Michael Klein
  • Thomas Kuhl
  • Ryszard Laskowski
  • Kyriaki Machera
  • Olavi Pelkonen
  • Silvia Pieper
  • Michael Stemmer
  • Ingvar Sundh
  • Ivana Teodorovic
  • Aaldrik Tiktak
  • Chris J. Topping
  • Gerrit Wolterink
  • Peter Craig
  • Frank de Jong
  • Barbara Manachini
  • Paulo Sousa
  • Klaus Swarowsky
  • Domenica Auteri
  • Maria Arena
  • Smith Rob
Article number04690
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>02/2017
<mark>Journal</mark>EFSA Journal
Issue number2
Number of pages225
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date22/02/17
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Abstract Following a request from EFSA, the Panel on Plant Protection Products and their Residues developed an opinion on the science behind the risk assessment of plant protection products for in-soil organisms. The current risk assessment scheme is reviewed, taking into account new regulatory frameworks and scientific developments. Proposals are made for specific protection goals for in-soil organisms being key drivers for relevant ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes such as nutrient cycling, soil structure, pest control and biodiversity. Considering the time-scales and biological processes related to the dispersal of the majority of in-soil organisms compared to terrestrial non-target arthropods living above soil, the Panel proposes that in-soil environmental risk assessments are made at in- and off-field scale considering field boundary levels. A new testing strategy which takes into account the relevant exposure routes for in-soil organisms and the potential direct and indirect effects is proposed. In order to address species recovery and long-term impacts of PPPs, the use of population models is also proposed.