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Screening wall effects of a thin fluidized bed by near-infrared imaging

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Screening wall effects of a thin fluidized bed by near-infrared imaging. / Aiouache, Farid; tSaoir, Meabh Nic An; Kitagawa, Kuniyuki.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 167, No. 1, 15.02.2011, p. 288-296.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Aiouache, F, tSaoir, MNA & Kitagawa, K 2011, 'Screening wall effects of a thin fluidized bed by near-infrared imaging', Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 167, no. 1, pp. 288-296. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.12.067

APA

Aiouache, F., tSaoir, M. N. A., & Kitagawa, K. (2011). Screening wall effects of a thin fluidized bed by near-infrared imaging. Chemical Engineering Journal, 167(1), 288-296. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.12.067

Vancouver

Aiouache F, tSaoir MNA, Kitagawa K. Screening wall effects of a thin fluidized bed by near-infrared imaging. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2011 Feb 15;167(1):288-296. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2010.12.067

Author

Aiouache, Farid ; tSaoir, Meabh Nic An ; Kitagawa, Kuniyuki. / Screening wall effects of a thin fluidized bed by near-infrared imaging. In: Chemical Engineering Journal. 2011 ; Vol. 167, No. 1. pp. 288-296.

Bibtex

@article{20b2feddd54e4bfd83ce36c8852dc8c2,
title = "Screening wall effects of a thin fluidized bed by near-infrared imaging",
abstract = "Near-infrared (NIR) imaging was used to observe water vapour flow in a gas-solid fluidized bed reactor. The technique consisted of a broadband light, an optical filter with a bandwidth centred on strong water vapour absorptions, a Vidicon NIR camera, a nozzle from which an optically active mixture of gas and water vapour was trans-illuminated by an NIR beam and collected data of transmittance were normalized to actual optical path. The procedure was applied to a thin fluidized bed reactor with a low aspect ratio of tube to particle diameters (D-1/d(p)) in order to validate the wall effect on flow dynamics and mass transfer during the reduction of ceria-silica by hydrogen. High concentrations of water vapour emerged in the vicinity of the wall when the bed was operated at pseudo-static conditions but disappeared when the bed was run at minimum bubbling conditions. This result shows the capability of optical methods with affordable costs to 2D imaging opaque packed bed by using a spatially resolved probe located at the exit, which is of great benefit for in situ visualization of anisotropic concentrations in packed beds under industrially relevant conditions and thus for elucidation of the underlying reaction mechanism and diffusion interactions. Crown Copyright (c) 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Fluidized bed, Near-infrared imaging , Modelling , Packing , Spatially resolved , Pressure drops",
author = "Farid Aiouache and tSaoir, {Meabh Nic An} and Kuniyuki Kitagawa",
year = "2011",
month = feb,
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.cej.2010.12.067",
language = "English",
volume = "167",
pages = "288--296",
journal = "Chemical Engineering Journal",
issn = "1385-8947",
publisher = "Elsevier Science B.V.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Screening wall effects of a thin fluidized bed by near-infrared imaging

AU - Aiouache, Farid

AU - tSaoir, Meabh Nic An

AU - Kitagawa, Kuniyuki

PY - 2011/2/15

Y1 - 2011/2/15

N2 - Near-infrared (NIR) imaging was used to observe water vapour flow in a gas-solid fluidized bed reactor. The technique consisted of a broadband light, an optical filter with a bandwidth centred on strong water vapour absorptions, a Vidicon NIR camera, a nozzle from which an optically active mixture of gas and water vapour was trans-illuminated by an NIR beam and collected data of transmittance were normalized to actual optical path. The procedure was applied to a thin fluidized bed reactor with a low aspect ratio of tube to particle diameters (D-1/d(p)) in order to validate the wall effect on flow dynamics and mass transfer during the reduction of ceria-silica by hydrogen. High concentrations of water vapour emerged in the vicinity of the wall when the bed was operated at pseudo-static conditions but disappeared when the bed was run at minimum bubbling conditions. This result shows the capability of optical methods with affordable costs to 2D imaging opaque packed bed by using a spatially resolved probe located at the exit, which is of great benefit for in situ visualization of anisotropic concentrations in packed beds under industrially relevant conditions and thus for elucidation of the underlying reaction mechanism and diffusion interactions. Crown Copyright (c) 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Near-infrared (NIR) imaging was used to observe water vapour flow in a gas-solid fluidized bed reactor. The technique consisted of a broadband light, an optical filter with a bandwidth centred on strong water vapour absorptions, a Vidicon NIR camera, a nozzle from which an optically active mixture of gas and water vapour was trans-illuminated by an NIR beam and collected data of transmittance were normalized to actual optical path. The procedure was applied to a thin fluidized bed reactor with a low aspect ratio of tube to particle diameters (D-1/d(p)) in order to validate the wall effect on flow dynamics and mass transfer during the reduction of ceria-silica by hydrogen. High concentrations of water vapour emerged in the vicinity of the wall when the bed was operated at pseudo-static conditions but disappeared when the bed was run at minimum bubbling conditions. This result shows the capability of optical methods with affordable costs to 2D imaging opaque packed bed by using a spatially resolved probe located at the exit, which is of great benefit for in situ visualization of anisotropic concentrations in packed beds under industrially relevant conditions and thus for elucidation of the underlying reaction mechanism and diffusion interactions. Crown Copyright (c) 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - Fluidized bed

KW - Near-infrared imaging

KW - Modelling

KW - Packing

KW - Spatially resolved

KW - Pressure drops

U2 - 10.1016/j.cej.2010.12.067

DO - 10.1016/j.cej.2010.12.067

M3 - Journal article

VL - 167

SP - 288

EP - 296

JO - Chemical Engineering Journal

JF - Chemical Engineering Journal

SN - 1385-8947

IS - 1

ER -