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Searching for happiness across cultures

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Searching for happiness across cultures. / Damjanovic, Ljubica; Roberson, Debi; Athanasopoulos, Panos; Kasai, Chise; Dyson, Matthew.

In: Journal of Cognition and Culture, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2010, p. 85-107.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Damjanovic, L, Roberson, D, Athanasopoulos, P, Kasai, C & Dyson, M 2010, 'Searching for happiness across cultures', Journal of Cognition and Culture, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 85-107. https://doi.org/10.1163/156853710X497185

APA

Damjanovic, L., Roberson, D., Athanasopoulos, P., Kasai, C., & Dyson, M. (2010). Searching for happiness across cultures. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 10(1), 85-107. https://doi.org/10.1163/156853710X497185

Vancouver

Damjanovic L, Roberson D, Athanasopoulos P, Kasai C, Dyson M. Searching for happiness across cultures. Journal of Cognition and Culture. 2010;10(1):85-107. https://doi.org/10.1163/156853710X497185

Author

Damjanovic, Ljubica ; Roberson, Debi ; Athanasopoulos, Panos ; Kasai, Chise ; Dyson, Matthew. / Searching for happiness across cultures. In: Journal of Cognition and Culture. 2010 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 85-107.

Bibtex

@article{58e91bb7e73d42ab87fe94aac8820976,
title = "Searching for happiness across cultures",
abstract = "Three experiments examined the cultural relativity of emotion recognition using the visual search task. Caucasian-English and Japanese participants were required to search for an angry or happy discrepant face target against an array of competing distractor faces. Both cultural groups performed the task with displays that consisted of Caucasian and Japanese faces in order to investigate the effects of racial congruence on emotion detection performance. Under high perceptual load conditions, both cultural groups detected the happy face more efficiently than the angry face. When perceptual load was reduced such that target detection could be achieved by feature-matching, the English group continued to show a happiness advantage in search performance that was more strongly pronounced for other race faces. Japanese participants showed search time equivalence for happy and angry targets. Experiment 3 encouraged participants to adopt a perceptual based strategy for target detection by removing the term 'emotion' from the instructions. Whilst this manipulation did not alter the happiness advantage displayed by our English group, it reinstated it for our Japanese group, who showed a detection advantage for happiness only for other race faces. The results demonstrate cultural and linguistic modifiers on the perceptual saliency of the emotional signal and provide new converging evidence from cognitive psychology for the interactionist perspective on emotional expression recognition.",
keywords = "Happiness advatnage, Language, Emotion, Culture, Visual search",
author = "Ljubica Damjanovic and Debi Roberson and Panos Athanasopoulos and Chise Kasai and Matthew Dyson",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1163/156853710X497185",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "85--107",
journal = "Journal of Cognition and Culture",
issn = "1567-7095",
publisher = "Brill",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Searching for happiness across cultures

AU - Damjanovic, Ljubica

AU - Roberson, Debi

AU - Athanasopoulos, Panos

AU - Kasai, Chise

AU - Dyson, Matthew

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Three experiments examined the cultural relativity of emotion recognition using the visual search task. Caucasian-English and Japanese participants were required to search for an angry or happy discrepant face target against an array of competing distractor faces. Both cultural groups performed the task with displays that consisted of Caucasian and Japanese faces in order to investigate the effects of racial congruence on emotion detection performance. Under high perceptual load conditions, both cultural groups detected the happy face more efficiently than the angry face. When perceptual load was reduced such that target detection could be achieved by feature-matching, the English group continued to show a happiness advantage in search performance that was more strongly pronounced for other race faces. Japanese participants showed search time equivalence for happy and angry targets. Experiment 3 encouraged participants to adopt a perceptual based strategy for target detection by removing the term 'emotion' from the instructions. Whilst this manipulation did not alter the happiness advantage displayed by our English group, it reinstated it for our Japanese group, who showed a detection advantage for happiness only for other race faces. The results demonstrate cultural and linguistic modifiers on the perceptual saliency of the emotional signal and provide new converging evidence from cognitive psychology for the interactionist perspective on emotional expression recognition.

AB - Three experiments examined the cultural relativity of emotion recognition using the visual search task. Caucasian-English and Japanese participants were required to search for an angry or happy discrepant face target against an array of competing distractor faces. Both cultural groups performed the task with displays that consisted of Caucasian and Japanese faces in order to investigate the effects of racial congruence on emotion detection performance. Under high perceptual load conditions, both cultural groups detected the happy face more efficiently than the angry face. When perceptual load was reduced such that target detection could be achieved by feature-matching, the English group continued to show a happiness advantage in search performance that was more strongly pronounced for other race faces. Japanese participants showed search time equivalence for happy and angry targets. Experiment 3 encouraged participants to adopt a perceptual based strategy for target detection by removing the term 'emotion' from the instructions. Whilst this manipulation did not alter the happiness advantage displayed by our English group, it reinstated it for our Japanese group, who showed a detection advantage for happiness only for other race faces. The results demonstrate cultural and linguistic modifiers on the perceptual saliency of the emotional signal and provide new converging evidence from cognitive psychology for the interactionist perspective on emotional expression recognition.

KW - Happiness advatnage

KW - Language

KW - Emotion

KW - Culture

KW - Visual search

U2 - 10.1163/156853710X497185

DO - 10.1163/156853710X497185

M3 - Journal article

VL - 10

SP - 85

EP - 107

JO - Journal of Cognition and Culture

JF - Journal of Cognition and Culture

SN - 1567-7095

IS - 1

ER -