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Sectoral Fiscal Multipliers and Technology in Open Economy

Research output: Working paper

Published

Standard

Sectoral Fiscal Multipliers and Technology in Open Economy. / Cardi, Olivier; Restout, Romain.

Lancaster : Lancaster University, Department of Economics, 2021. (Economics Working Papers Series; Vol. 2021/005).

Research output: Working paper

Harvard

Cardi, O & Restout, R 2021 'Sectoral Fiscal Multipliers and Technology in Open Economy' Economics Working Papers Series, vol. 2021/005, Lancaster University, Department of Economics, Lancaster.

APA

Cardi, O., & Restout, R. (2021). Sectoral Fiscal Multipliers and Technology in Open Economy. (Economics Working Papers Series; Vol. 2021/005). Lancaster University, Department of Economics.

Vancouver

Cardi O, Restout R. Sectoral Fiscal Multipliers and Technology in Open Economy. Lancaster: Lancaster University, Department of Economics. 2021 May 28. (Economics Working Papers Series).

Author

Cardi, Olivier ; Restout, Romain. / Sectoral Fiscal Multipliers and Technology in Open Economy. Lancaster : Lancaster University, Department of Economics, 2021. (Economics Working Papers Series).

Bibtex

@techreport{04281c38d3224d2a989fe0643facf756,
title = "Sectoral Fiscal Multipliers and Technology in Open Economy",
abstract = "Motivated by recent evidence pointing at an increase in the TFP following highergovernment spending, we explore how technology affects sectoral fiscal multipliers in open economy. Our estimates for eighteen OECD countries over 1970-2015 reveal that a government spending shock increases significantly the non-traded-goods-sector share of total hours worked while the response of the value added share of non-tradables (at constant prices) is muted at all horizon. The latter finding is puzzling as government spending shocks are strongly biased toward non-tradables. Our empirical findings show that the solution to this puzzle lies in technology which responds endogenously to thegovernment spending shock. By offsetting the effect of the biasedness of the demand shock toward non-tradables, the rise in traded relative to non-traded TFP ensures that real GDP growth is uniformly distributed across sectors (i.e., in accordance with their value added share). Because a government spending shock also leads non-traded firms to bias technological change toward labor and traded firms to bias technological change toward capital, factor-augmenting technological change rationalizes the concentration of the rise in labor in the non-traded sector. Our quantitative analysis shows that a semi-small open economy model with tradables and non-tradables can reproduce the sectoral fiscal multipliers we document empirically once we let the decision on technology improvement vary across sectors and allow firms to change the mix of labor- and capital-augmenting efficiency over time. ",
keywords = "Sector-biased government spending shocks, Endogenous technological change, Factor-augmenting efficiency, Open economy, Labor reallocation, CES production function, Labor income share",
author = "Olivier Cardi and Romain Restout",
year = "2021",
month = may,
day = "28",
language = "English",
series = "Economics Working Papers Series",
publisher = "Lancaster University, Department of Economics",
type = "WorkingPaper",
institution = "Lancaster University, Department of Economics",

}

RIS

TY - UNPB

T1 - Sectoral Fiscal Multipliers and Technology in Open Economy

AU - Cardi, Olivier

AU - Restout, Romain

PY - 2021/5/28

Y1 - 2021/5/28

N2 - Motivated by recent evidence pointing at an increase in the TFP following highergovernment spending, we explore how technology affects sectoral fiscal multipliers in open economy. Our estimates for eighteen OECD countries over 1970-2015 reveal that a government spending shock increases significantly the non-traded-goods-sector share of total hours worked while the response of the value added share of non-tradables (at constant prices) is muted at all horizon. The latter finding is puzzling as government spending shocks are strongly biased toward non-tradables. Our empirical findings show that the solution to this puzzle lies in technology which responds endogenously to thegovernment spending shock. By offsetting the effect of the biasedness of the demand shock toward non-tradables, the rise in traded relative to non-traded TFP ensures that real GDP growth is uniformly distributed across sectors (i.e., in accordance with their value added share). Because a government spending shock also leads non-traded firms to bias technological change toward labor and traded firms to bias technological change toward capital, factor-augmenting technological change rationalizes the concentration of the rise in labor in the non-traded sector. Our quantitative analysis shows that a semi-small open economy model with tradables and non-tradables can reproduce the sectoral fiscal multipliers we document empirically once we let the decision on technology improvement vary across sectors and allow firms to change the mix of labor- and capital-augmenting efficiency over time.

AB - Motivated by recent evidence pointing at an increase in the TFP following highergovernment spending, we explore how technology affects sectoral fiscal multipliers in open economy. Our estimates for eighteen OECD countries over 1970-2015 reveal that a government spending shock increases significantly the non-traded-goods-sector share of total hours worked while the response of the value added share of non-tradables (at constant prices) is muted at all horizon. The latter finding is puzzling as government spending shocks are strongly biased toward non-tradables. Our empirical findings show that the solution to this puzzle lies in technology which responds endogenously to thegovernment spending shock. By offsetting the effect of the biasedness of the demand shock toward non-tradables, the rise in traded relative to non-traded TFP ensures that real GDP growth is uniformly distributed across sectors (i.e., in accordance with their value added share). Because a government spending shock also leads non-traded firms to bias technological change toward labor and traded firms to bias technological change toward capital, factor-augmenting technological change rationalizes the concentration of the rise in labor in the non-traded sector. Our quantitative analysis shows that a semi-small open economy model with tradables and non-tradables can reproduce the sectoral fiscal multipliers we document empirically once we let the decision on technology improvement vary across sectors and allow firms to change the mix of labor- and capital-augmenting efficiency over time.

KW - Sector-biased government spending shocks

KW - Endogenous technological change

KW - Factor-augmenting efficiency

KW - Open economy

KW - Labor reallocation

KW - CES production function

KW - Labor income share

M3 - Working paper

T3 - Economics Working Papers Series

BT - Sectoral Fiscal Multipliers and Technology in Open Economy

PB - Lancaster University, Department of Economics

CY - Lancaster

ER -