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    Rights statement: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in The Chinese Journal of International Politics following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Jinghan Zeng, Securitization of Artificial Intelligence in China, The Chinese Journal of International Politics, 2021, 14:3, 417–445 is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/cjip/article-abstract/14/3/417/6352222?redirectedFrom=fulltext

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Securitization of Artificial Intelligence in China

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>31/10/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Chinese Journal of International Politics
Issue number3
Volume14
Number of pages29
Pages (from-to)417–445
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date14/08/21
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

This article studies the security politics of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in China. Using securitization as an analytical framework, it examines the official Chinese AI discourse and how AI is becoming a security matter. The article argues that the Chinese central government is securitizing AI to mobilize local states, market actors, intellectuals, and the general public. China’s historical anxieties about its technology and regime security needs are conducive to the rise of a security discourse in China’s AI politics, a trend also fuelled by tensions arising from great power competition. Although helpful in convincing domestic actors, this securitization trend could undermine Chinese key AI objectives by heading in an inward-looking, techno-nationalistic direction that may be seriously detrimental to China’s AI industry and leadership ambitions.

Bibliographic note

This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in The Chinese Journal of International Politics following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Jinghan Zeng, Securitization of Artificial Intelligence in China, The Chinese Journal of International Politics, 2021, 14:3, 417–445 is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/cjip/article-abstract/14/3/417/6352222?redirectedFrom=fulltext