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Semiochemical mediation of oviposition by the phlebotomine sandfly Lutzomyia longipalpis

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>07/1993
<mark>Journal</mark>Medical and Veterinary Entomology
Issue number3
Volume7
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)219-224
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Extracts of rabbit food, hay and rabbit faeces elicited a positive oviposition response from gravid female Lutzomyia longipalpis sandflies (Diptera: Phlebotominae). Combined extract of rabbit food and oviposition pheromone had a synergistic effect on sandfly egg‐laying, greatly increasing the number of eggs laid and resulting in a highly targeted response. Individually tubed flies, exposed to the combined extract, were shown to be 3.5 times more likely to survive oviposition and laid 2.5 times more eggs than control flies. A laboratory oviposition trap baited with the combined extract was tested in a cage and caught 31 (62%) of 50 gravid L.longipalpis over a 72h period.