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Smooth pursuit eye tracking over a structured background in first-episode schizophrenic patients.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

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Smooth pursuit eye tracking over a structured background in first-episode schizophrenic patients. / Hutton, S. B.; Crawford, Trevor J.; Kennard, C.; Barnes, T. R. E.; Joyce, E. M.

In: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinial Neuroscience, Vol. 250, No. 5, 10.2000, p. 221-225.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Hutton, SB, Crawford, TJ, Kennard, C, Barnes, TRE & Joyce, EM 2000, 'Smooth pursuit eye tracking over a structured background in first-episode schizophrenic patients.', European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinial Neuroscience, vol. 250, no. 5, pp. 221-225. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004060070011

APA

Hutton, S. B., Crawford, T. J., Kennard, C., Barnes, T. R. E., & Joyce, E. M. (2000). Smooth pursuit eye tracking over a structured background in first-episode schizophrenic patients. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinial Neuroscience, 250(5), 221-225. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004060070011

Vancouver

Hutton SB, Crawford TJ, Kennard C, Barnes TRE, Joyce EM. Smooth pursuit eye tracking over a structured background in first-episode schizophrenic patients. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinial Neuroscience. 2000 Oct;250(5):221-225. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004060070011

Author

Hutton, S. B. ; Crawford, Trevor J. ; Kennard, C. ; Barnes, T. R. E. ; Joyce, E. M. / Smooth pursuit eye tracking over a structured background in first-episode schizophrenic patients. In: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinial Neuroscience. 2000 ; Vol. 250, No. 5. pp. 221-225.

Bibtex

@article{da2555ed39ee4f02992992a58424abe1,
title = "Smooth pursuit eye tracking over a structured background in first-episode schizophrenic patients.",
abstract = "Whilst most laboratory smooth pursuit tasks are performed in the dark, in everyday life pursuit commonly occurs over a structured background. This background provides a powerful stimulus to the optokinetic reflex (OKR), inducing a background “drag” on pursuit eye movements. An inability to inhibit the influence of the OKR may be a contributing factor to the dysfunctional pursuit performance observed in many schizophrenic patients. Smooth pursuit performance was measured in 23 first-episode schizophrenic patients and 23 healthy controls matched for age and estimated IQ, both in the dark and over a structured background (a random checkerboard of black and white squares). Velocity gain was measured, as well as the number and size of corrective saccades (catch-up saccades) and intrusive saccades (anticipatory saccades and square wave jerks). Overall, schizophrenic patients had lower velocity gain and made more catch-up saccades than controls. The effect of the background was to lower velocity gain and increase the number of catch-up saccades to the same extent in schizophrenic patients and controls. There were no significant interactions between group and background effect. These results suggest that, although their overall level of performance was worse, the schizophrenic patients were as able as controls to inhibit the effect of the OKR. Since lesion studies show that inhibition of the OKR requires intact inferior parietal regions in man (Lawden et al., 1995), one hypothesis is that the parietal component of smooth pursuit may be intact in schizophrenia.",
keywords = "Smooth pursuit · Schizophrenia · Optokinetic response · Structured background · Inhibition",
author = "Hutton, {S. B.} and Crawford, {Trevor J.} and C. Kennard and Barnes, {T. R. E.} and Joyce, {E. M.}",
year = "2000",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1007/s004060070011",
language = "English",
volume = "250",
pages = "221--225",
journal = "European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinial Neuroscience",
issn = "0940-1334",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Smooth pursuit eye tracking over a structured background in first-episode schizophrenic patients.

AU - Hutton, S. B.

AU - Crawford, Trevor J.

AU - Kennard, C.

AU - Barnes, T. R. E.

AU - Joyce, E. M.

PY - 2000/10

Y1 - 2000/10

N2 - Whilst most laboratory smooth pursuit tasks are performed in the dark, in everyday life pursuit commonly occurs over a structured background. This background provides a powerful stimulus to the optokinetic reflex (OKR), inducing a background “drag” on pursuit eye movements. An inability to inhibit the influence of the OKR may be a contributing factor to the dysfunctional pursuit performance observed in many schizophrenic patients. Smooth pursuit performance was measured in 23 first-episode schizophrenic patients and 23 healthy controls matched for age and estimated IQ, both in the dark and over a structured background (a random checkerboard of black and white squares). Velocity gain was measured, as well as the number and size of corrective saccades (catch-up saccades) and intrusive saccades (anticipatory saccades and square wave jerks). Overall, schizophrenic patients had lower velocity gain and made more catch-up saccades than controls. The effect of the background was to lower velocity gain and increase the number of catch-up saccades to the same extent in schizophrenic patients and controls. There were no significant interactions between group and background effect. These results suggest that, although their overall level of performance was worse, the schizophrenic patients were as able as controls to inhibit the effect of the OKR. Since lesion studies show that inhibition of the OKR requires intact inferior parietal regions in man (Lawden et al., 1995), one hypothesis is that the parietal component of smooth pursuit may be intact in schizophrenia.

AB - Whilst most laboratory smooth pursuit tasks are performed in the dark, in everyday life pursuit commonly occurs over a structured background. This background provides a powerful stimulus to the optokinetic reflex (OKR), inducing a background “drag” on pursuit eye movements. An inability to inhibit the influence of the OKR may be a contributing factor to the dysfunctional pursuit performance observed in many schizophrenic patients. Smooth pursuit performance was measured in 23 first-episode schizophrenic patients and 23 healthy controls matched for age and estimated IQ, both in the dark and over a structured background (a random checkerboard of black and white squares). Velocity gain was measured, as well as the number and size of corrective saccades (catch-up saccades) and intrusive saccades (anticipatory saccades and square wave jerks). Overall, schizophrenic patients had lower velocity gain and made more catch-up saccades than controls. The effect of the background was to lower velocity gain and increase the number of catch-up saccades to the same extent in schizophrenic patients and controls. There were no significant interactions between group and background effect. These results suggest that, although their overall level of performance was worse, the schizophrenic patients were as able as controls to inhibit the effect of the OKR. Since lesion studies show that inhibition of the OKR requires intact inferior parietal regions in man (Lawden et al., 1995), one hypothesis is that the parietal component of smooth pursuit may be intact in schizophrenia.

KW - Smooth pursuit · Schizophrenia · Optokinetic response · Structured background · Inhibition

U2 - 10.1007/s004060070011

DO - 10.1007/s004060070011

M3 - Journal article

VL - 250

SP - 221

EP - 225

JO - European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinial Neuroscience

JF - European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinial Neuroscience

SN - 0940-1334

IS - 5

ER -