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Social inclusivity versus analytical acuity?: A qualitative study of UK researchers regarding the inclusion of minority racial/ethnic groups in biobanks

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Social inclusivity versus analytical acuity? A qualitative study of UK researchers regarding the inclusion of minority racial/ethnic groups in biobanks. / Smart, Andrew; Tutton, Richard; Ashcroft, Richard et al.

In: Medical Law International, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2008, p. 169-190.

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Smart, A, Tutton, R, Ashcroft, R, Martin, PA, Balmer, A, Elliot, R & Ellison, GTH 2008, 'Social inclusivity versus analytical acuity? A qualitative study of UK researchers regarding the inclusion of minority racial/ethnic groups in biobanks', Medical Law International, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 169-190. https://doi.org/10.1177/096853320800900205

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Smart A, Tutton R, Ashcroft R, Martin PA, Balmer A, Elliot R et al. Social inclusivity versus analytical acuity? A qualitative study of UK researchers regarding the inclusion of minority racial/ethnic groups in biobanks. Medical Law International. 2008;9(2):169-190. doi: 10.1177/096853320800900205

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Bibtex

@article{02ec2ba7fcbb4453beabac1381e400fd,
title = "Social inclusivity versus analytical acuity?: A qualitative study of UK researchers regarding the inclusion of minority racial/ethnic groups in biobanks",
abstract = "This paper examines how the drive to include minority ethnic groups in biomedical research raises challenging questions for the governance of some biobanks. Using findings from a qualitative study with researchers working at 10 UK biobanks that have been designed to explore common complex diseases, our study highlights the potential discordance between the twin imperatives of {\textquoteleft}social inclusivity{\textquoteright} and {\textquoteleft}analytical acuity{\textquoteright}. While the researchers interviewed were keen to include minority ethnic groups in their research, they were also concerned that this could have deleterious effects on the precision of their analyses. In our discussion of these findings we show that there remains considerable debate as to the impact of including participants from minority ethnic groups on analytical acuity. Nevertheless, a principle of justice requires that potential participants from all ethnic groups should be given the opportunity to participate in and benefit from biomedical research, and UK law requires public bodies (including research councils) to demonstrate that there is no unintentional or unjustifiable {\textquoteleft}racial{\textquoteright} discrimination in their activities. Researchers' concerns about analytical acuity could result in calls for study designs that examine every {\textquoteleft}different{\textquoteright} ethnic group, which would have consequences for the governance of some biobank studies and for efforts to challenge the discredited yet resilient idea that differences between ethnic groups are innate, essential and immutable. ",
author = "Andrew Smart and Richard Tutton and Richard Ashcroft and Martin, {Paul A.} and Andrew Balmer and Richard Elliot and Ellison, {George T. H.}",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1177/096853320800900205",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "169--190",
journal = "Medical Law International",
issn = "0968-5332",
publisher = "A B Academic Publishers",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social inclusivity versus analytical acuity?

T2 - A qualitative study of UK researchers regarding the inclusion of minority racial/ethnic groups in biobanks

AU - Smart, Andrew

AU - Tutton, Richard

AU - Ashcroft, Richard

AU - Martin, Paul A.

AU - Balmer, Andrew

AU - Elliot, Richard

AU - Ellison, George T. H.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - This paper examines how the drive to include minority ethnic groups in biomedical research raises challenging questions for the governance of some biobanks. Using findings from a qualitative study with researchers working at 10 UK biobanks that have been designed to explore common complex diseases, our study highlights the potential discordance between the twin imperatives of ‘social inclusivity’ and ‘analytical acuity’. While the researchers interviewed were keen to include minority ethnic groups in their research, they were also concerned that this could have deleterious effects on the precision of their analyses. In our discussion of these findings we show that there remains considerable debate as to the impact of including participants from minority ethnic groups on analytical acuity. Nevertheless, a principle of justice requires that potential participants from all ethnic groups should be given the opportunity to participate in and benefit from biomedical research, and UK law requires public bodies (including research councils) to demonstrate that there is no unintentional or unjustifiable ‘racial’ discrimination in their activities. Researchers' concerns about analytical acuity could result in calls for study designs that examine every ‘different’ ethnic group, which would have consequences for the governance of some biobank studies and for efforts to challenge the discredited yet resilient idea that differences between ethnic groups are innate, essential and immutable.

AB - This paper examines how the drive to include minority ethnic groups in biomedical research raises challenging questions for the governance of some biobanks. Using findings from a qualitative study with researchers working at 10 UK biobanks that have been designed to explore common complex diseases, our study highlights the potential discordance between the twin imperatives of ‘social inclusivity’ and ‘analytical acuity’. While the researchers interviewed were keen to include minority ethnic groups in their research, they were also concerned that this could have deleterious effects on the precision of their analyses. In our discussion of these findings we show that there remains considerable debate as to the impact of including participants from minority ethnic groups on analytical acuity. Nevertheless, a principle of justice requires that potential participants from all ethnic groups should be given the opportunity to participate in and benefit from biomedical research, and UK law requires public bodies (including research councils) to demonstrate that there is no unintentional or unjustifiable ‘racial’ discrimination in their activities. Researchers' concerns about analytical acuity could result in calls for study designs that examine every ‘different’ ethnic group, which would have consequences for the governance of some biobank studies and for efforts to challenge the discredited yet resilient idea that differences between ethnic groups are innate, essential and immutable.

U2 - 10.1177/096853320800900205

DO - 10.1177/096853320800900205

M3 - Journal article

VL - 9

SP - 169

EP - 190

JO - Medical Law International

JF - Medical Law International

SN - 0968-5332

IS - 2

ER -