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Socio-economic position, household composition, health status and indicators of the well-being of mothers of children with and without intellectual disabilities

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>12/2006
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Issue number12
Volume50
Number of pages12
Pages (from-to)862-873
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Backrgound Many previous studies have reported that mothers of children with intellectual disabilities (IDs) are more likely to show signs of psychological distress and have lower well-being than mothers of 'typically developing' children. Our aim was to estimate the extent to which these differences may be accounted for by between-group differences in socio-economic position.

Methods This study involved secondary analysis of happiness, self-esteem and self-efficacy variables in a nationally representative sample of 6954 British mothers with dependent children under the age of 17 years, 514 of whom were supporting a child with an ID.

Results Mothers of children with IDs reported lower levels of happiness, self-esteem and self-efficacy than mothers of children without IDs. Statistically controlling for differences in socio-economic position, household composition and maternal characteristics fully accounted for the between-group differences in maternal happiness, and accounted for over 50% of the elevated risk for poorer self-esteem and self-efficacy.

Conclusions A socially and statistically significant proportion of the increased risk of poorer well-being among mothers of children with IDs may be attributed to their increased risk of socio-economic disadvantage.

Bibliographic note

Erratum printed in: 51:2 p. 172 - 172 doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2006.00946.x RAE_import_type : Journal article RAE_uoa_type : Social Work and Social Policy & Administration