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Soil biotransformation of thiodiglycol, the hydrolysis product of mustard gas: understanding the factors governing remediation of mustard gas contaminated soil

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Soil biotransformation of thiodiglycol, the hydrolysis product of mustard gas : understanding the factors governing remediation of mustard gas contaminated soil. / Li, Hong; Muir, Robert ; McFarlane, Neil R. et al.

In: Biodegradation, Vol. 24, No. 1, 02.2013, p. 125-135.

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Li H, Muir R, McFarlane NR, Soilleux RJ, Yu X, Thompson IP et al. Soil biotransformation of thiodiglycol, the hydrolysis product of mustard gas: understanding the factors governing remediation of mustard gas contaminated soil. Biodegradation. 2013 Feb;24(1):125-135. Epub 2012 Jul 2. doi: 10.1007/s10532-012-9564-7

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@article{4ddc53fc7b4a4e2dad182bfd62db7c58,
title = "Soil biotransformation of thiodiglycol, the hydrolysis product of mustard gas: understanding the factors governing remediation of mustard gas contaminated soil",
abstract = "Thiodiglycol (TDG) is both the precursor for chemical synthesis of mustard gas and the product of mustard gas hydrolysis. Thiodiglycol can also react with intermediates of mustard gas degradation to form more toxic and/or persistent aggregates, or reverse the pathway of mustard gas degradation. The persistence of TDG have been observed in soils and in the groundwater at sites contaminated by mustard gas 60 years ago. The biotransformation of TDG has been demonstrated in three soils not previously exposed to the chemical. TDG biotransformation occurred via the oxidative pathway with an optimum rate at pH 8.25. In contrast with bacteria isolated from historically contaminated soil, which could degrade TDG individually, a consortium of three bacterial strains isolated from the soil never contaminated by mustard gas was able to grow on TDG in minimal medium and in hydrolysate derived from an historical mustard gas bomb. Exposure to TDG had little impacts on the soil microbial physiology or on community structure. Therefore, the persistency of TDG in soils historically contaminated by mustard gas might be attributed to the toxicity of mustard gas to microorganisms and the impact to soil chemistry during the hydrolysis. TDG biodegradation may form part of a remediation strategy for mustard gas contaminated sites, and may be enhanced by pH adjustment and aeration. ",
keywords = "thiodiglycol, Mustard gas , Soil, Indigenous bacteria , Biotransformation",
author = "Hong Li and Robert Muir and McFarlane, {Neil R.} and Soilleux, {Richard J.} and Xiaohong Yu and Thompson, {Ian P.} and Jackman, {Simon A.}",
year = "2013",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1007/s10532-012-9564-7",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "125--135",
journal = "Biodegradation",
issn = "0923-9820",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Soil biotransformation of thiodiglycol, the hydrolysis product of mustard gas

T2 - understanding the factors governing remediation of mustard gas contaminated soil

AU - Li, Hong

AU - Muir, Robert

AU - McFarlane, Neil R.

AU - Soilleux, Richard J.

AU - Yu, Xiaohong

AU - Thompson, Ian P.

AU - Jackman, Simon A.

PY - 2013/2

Y1 - 2013/2

N2 - Thiodiglycol (TDG) is both the precursor for chemical synthesis of mustard gas and the product of mustard gas hydrolysis. Thiodiglycol can also react with intermediates of mustard gas degradation to form more toxic and/or persistent aggregates, or reverse the pathway of mustard gas degradation. The persistence of TDG have been observed in soils and in the groundwater at sites contaminated by mustard gas 60 years ago. The biotransformation of TDG has been demonstrated in three soils not previously exposed to the chemical. TDG biotransformation occurred via the oxidative pathway with an optimum rate at pH 8.25. In contrast with bacteria isolated from historically contaminated soil, which could degrade TDG individually, a consortium of three bacterial strains isolated from the soil never contaminated by mustard gas was able to grow on TDG in minimal medium and in hydrolysate derived from an historical mustard gas bomb. Exposure to TDG had little impacts on the soil microbial physiology or on community structure. Therefore, the persistency of TDG in soils historically contaminated by mustard gas might be attributed to the toxicity of mustard gas to microorganisms and the impact to soil chemistry during the hydrolysis. TDG biodegradation may form part of a remediation strategy for mustard gas contaminated sites, and may be enhanced by pH adjustment and aeration.

AB - Thiodiglycol (TDG) is both the precursor for chemical synthesis of mustard gas and the product of mustard gas hydrolysis. Thiodiglycol can also react with intermediates of mustard gas degradation to form more toxic and/or persistent aggregates, or reverse the pathway of mustard gas degradation. The persistence of TDG have been observed in soils and in the groundwater at sites contaminated by mustard gas 60 years ago. The biotransformation of TDG has been demonstrated in three soils not previously exposed to the chemical. TDG biotransformation occurred via the oxidative pathway with an optimum rate at pH 8.25. In contrast with bacteria isolated from historically contaminated soil, which could degrade TDG individually, a consortium of three bacterial strains isolated from the soil never contaminated by mustard gas was able to grow on TDG in minimal medium and in hydrolysate derived from an historical mustard gas bomb. Exposure to TDG had little impacts on the soil microbial physiology or on community structure. Therefore, the persistency of TDG in soils historically contaminated by mustard gas might be attributed to the toxicity of mustard gas to microorganisms and the impact to soil chemistry during the hydrolysis. TDG biodegradation may form part of a remediation strategy for mustard gas contaminated sites, and may be enhanced by pH adjustment and aeration.

KW - thiodiglycol

KW - Mustard gas

KW - Soil

KW - Indigenous bacteria

KW - Biotransformation

U2 - 10.1007/s10532-012-9564-7

DO - 10.1007/s10532-012-9564-7

M3 - Journal article

VL - 24

SP - 125

EP - 135

JO - Biodegradation

JF - Biodegradation

SN - 0923-9820

IS - 1

ER -