Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Soil microbes compete effectively with plants f...
View graph of relations

Soil microbes compete effectively with plants for organic nitrogen inputs to temperate grasslands.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Soil microbes compete effectively with plants for organic nitrogen inputs to temperate grasslands. / Bardgett, Richard D.; Streeter, Tania C.; Bol, Roland.

In: Ecology, Vol. 84, No. 5, 05.2003, p. 1277-1287.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bardgett, Richard D. ; Streeter, Tania C. ; Bol, Roland. / Soil microbes compete effectively with plants for organic nitrogen inputs to temperate grasslands. In: Ecology. 2003 ; Vol. 84, No. 5. pp. 1277-1287.

Bibtex

@article{823addd4aa1e4ee1897ee16c0971104a,
title = "Soil microbes compete effectively with plants for organic nitrogen inputs to temperate grasslands.",
abstract = "Although agricultural grassland soils have inherently high rates of net nitrogen (N) mineralization, they often have soil concentrations of soluble organic N that are comparable to inorganic N. We set out to examine in situ the significance of organic N for plant nutrition in grasslands of differing management intensity and soil fertility. Using in situ dual-labeling techniques (glycine-2-13C-15N) we measured preferential uptake of amino-acid N vs. inorganic N [(15NH4)2SO4] in early and late season in low-productivity Agrostis capillaris–Festuca ovina grassland and in agriculturally improved, high-productivity Lolium perenne-dominated grassland. The dominant soluble-N form differed greatly between grasslands. Inorganic N (especially nitrate N) dominated the soluble N pool of the highly productive improved grassland whereas amino acid N was the dominant soluble N form in the low-productivity unimproved grassland. There was no difference in the amount of 15N taken up by plants from the two N forms in either grassland. However, our data indicate that amino-acid N was taken up directly by plants of both grasslands and that more N was captured in this way by plants of low-productivity grassland where amino acids were the dominant soluble N form in soil. Our data from both grasslands also indicate significant microbial competition for added 15N from both N sources, but especially in the low-productivity grassland where the bulk of 15N added was sequestered by the microbial biomass. A significantly greater amount of added 15N was captured by the microbial biomass in the unimproved than in the improved grassland, and substantially more 15N was detected in the microbial biomass than in plant tissue in the unimproved grassland. On the basis of our findings, we predict that subsequent microbial turnover and release of this N into the plant–soil system is the major pathway for plant N capture in these temperate grasslands. Microbial sequestration of added N might be an important mechanism of N retention in these grasslands, especially in the low-productivity systems where microbial N sink strength is greater and organic matter slowly accumulates.",
keywords = "agricultural grassland, amino acid, glycine, microbial biomass, nitrogen, nitrogen mineralization, nitrogen retention, organic-nitrogen uptake, plant–microbial competition",
author = "Bardgett, {Richard D.} and Streeter, {Tania C.} and Roland Bol",
year = "2003",
month = may,
doi = "10.1890/0012-9658(2003)084[1277:SMCEWP]2.0.CO;2",
language = "English",
volume = "84",
pages = "1277--1287",
journal = "Ecology",
issn = "0012-9658",
publisher = "Ecological Society of America",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Soil microbes compete effectively with plants for organic nitrogen inputs to temperate grasslands.

AU - Bardgett, Richard D.

AU - Streeter, Tania C.

AU - Bol, Roland

PY - 2003/5

Y1 - 2003/5

N2 - Although agricultural grassland soils have inherently high rates of net nitrogen (N) mineralization, they often have soil concentrations of soluble organic N that are comparable to inorganic N. We set out to examine in situ the significance of organic N for plant nutrition in grasslands of differing management intensity and soil fertility. Using in situ dual-labeling techniques (glycine-2-13C-15N) we measured preferential uptake of amino-acid N vs. inorganic N [(15NH4)2SO4] in early and late season in low-productivity Agrostis capillaris–Festuca ovina grassland and in agriculturally improved, high-productivity Lolium perenne-dominated grassland. The dominant soluble-N form differed greatly between grasslands. Inorganic N (especially nitrate N) dominated the soluble N pool of the highly productive improved grassland whereas amino acid N was the dominant soluble N form in the low-productivity unimproved grassland. There was no difference in the amount of 15N taken up by plants from the two N forms in either grassland. However, our data indicate that amino-acid N was taken up directly by plants of both grasslands and that more N was captured in this way by plants of low-productivity grassland where amino acids were the dominant soluble N form in soil. Our data from both grasslands also indicate significant microbial competition for added 15N from both N sources, but especially in the low-productivity grassland where the bulk of 15N added was sequestered by the microbial biomass. A significantly greater amount of added 15N was captured by the microbial biomass in the unimproved than in the improved grassland, and substantially more 15N was detected in the microbial biomass than in plant tissue in the unimproved grassland. On the basis of our findings, we predict that subsequent microbial turnover and release of this N into the plant–soil system is the major pathway for plant N capture in these temperate grasslands. Microbial sequestration of added N might be an important mechanism of N retention in these grasslands, especially in the low-productivity systems where microbial N sink strength is greater and organic matter slowly accumulates.

AB - Although agricultural grassland soils have inherently high rates of net nitrogen (N) mineralization, they often have soil concentrations of soluble organic N that are comparable to inorganic N. We set out to examine in situ the significance of organic N for plant nutrition in grasslands of differing management intensity and soil fertility. Using in situ dual-labeling techniques (glycine-2-13C-15N) we measured preferential uptake of amino-acid N vs. inorganic N [(15NH4)2SO4] in early and late season in low-productivity Agrostis capillaris–Festuca ovina grassland and in agriculturally improved, high-productivity Lolium perenne-dominated grassland. The dominant soluble-N form differed greatly between grasslands. Inorganic N (especially nitrate N) dominated the soluble N pool of the highly productive improved grassland whereas amino acid N was the dominant soluble N form in the low-productivity unimproved grassland. There was no difference in the amount of 15N taken up by plants from the two N forms in either grassland. However, our data indicate that amino-acid N was taken up directly by plants of both grasslands and that more N was captured in this way by plants of low-productivity grassland where amino acids were the dominant soluble N form in soil. Our data from both grasslands also indicate significant microbial competition for added 15N from both N sources, but especially in the low-productivity grassland where the bulk of 15N added was sequestered by the microbial biomass. A significantly greater amount of added 15N was captured by the microbial biomass in the unimproved than in the improved grassland, and substantially more 15N was detected in the microbial biomass than in plant tissue in the unimproved grassland. On the basis of our findings, we predict that subsequent microbial turnover and release of this N into the plant–soil system is the major pathway for plant N capture in these temperate grasslands. Microbial sequestration of added N might be an important mechanism of N retention in these grasslands, especially in the low-productivity systems where microbial N sink strength is greater and organic matter slowly accumulates.

KW - agricultural grassland

KW - amino acid

KW - glycine

KW - microbial biomass

KW - nitrogen

KW - nitrogen mineralization

KW - nitrogen retention

KW - organic-nitrogen uptake

KW - plant–microbial competition

U2 - 10.1890/0012-9658(2003)084[1277:SMCEWP]2.0.CO;2

DO - 10.1890/0012-9658(2003)084[1277:SMCEWP]2.0.CO;2

M3 - Journal article

VL - 84

SP - 1277

EP - 1287

JO - Ecology

JF - Ecology

SN - 0012-9658

IS - 5

ER -