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  • SolidSolidPhaseEquilibriaNaClKCl_Anwar_JCP2020_Arxiv

    Rights statement: Copyright 2020 American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in The Journal of Chemical Physics, 152 (14), 2020 and may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/5.0003224 This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.

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Solid-solid phase equilibria in the NaCl-KCl system

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Article number144109
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>14/04/2020
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Chemical Physics
Issue number14
Volume152
Number of pages10
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date14/04/20
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Solid solutions, structurally ordered but compositionally disordered mixtures, can form for salts, metals, and even organic compounds. The NaCl-KCl system forms a solid solution at all compositions between 657 °C and 505 °C. Below a critical temperature of 505 °C, the system exhibits a miscibility gap with coexisting Na-rich and K-rich rocksalt phases. We calculate the phase diagram in this region using the semi-grand canonical Widom method, which averages over virtual particle transmutations. We verify our results by comparison with free energies calculated from thermodynamic integration and extrapolate the location of the critical point. Our calculations reproduce the experimental phase diagram remarkably well and illustrate how solid-solid equilibria and chemical potentials, including those at metastable conditions, can be computed for materials that form solid solutions.

Bibliographic note

Copyright 2020 American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in The Journal of Chemical Physics, 152 (14), 2020 and may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/5.0003224 This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.