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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 213, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2021.105270

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Space modulates cross-domain transfer of abstract rules in infants

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Space modulates cross-domain transfer of abstract rules in infants. / Bulf, Hermann; Capparini, Chiara; Nava, Elena et al.

In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Vol. 213, 105270, 31.01.2022.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Bulf, H, Capparini, C, Nava, E, de Hevia, MD & Macchi Cassia, V 2022, 'Space modulates cross-domain transfer of abstract rules in infants', Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, vol. 213, 105270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2021.105270

APA

Bulf, H., Capparini, C., Nava, E., de Hevia, M. D., & Macchi Cassia, V. (2022). Space modulates cross-domain transfer of abstract rules in infants. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 213, [105270]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2021.105270

Vancouver

Bulf H, Capparini C, Nava E, de Hevia MD, Macchi Cassia V. Space modulates cross-domain transfer of abstract rules in infants. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 2022 Jan 31;213:105270. Epub 2021 Sep 3. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2021.105270

Author

Bulf, Hermann ; Capparini, Chiara ; Nava, Elena et al. / Space modulates cross-domain transfer of abstract rules in infants. In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 2022 ; Vol. 213.

Bibtex

@article{2aa6dea3ca9e4f6ba9d03247e55563f9,
title = "Space modulates cross-domain transfer of abstract rules in infants",
abstract = "Developmental studies have shown that infants exploit ordinal information to extract and generalize repetition-based rules from a sequence of items. Within the visual modality, this ability is constrained by the spatial layout within which items are delivered given that a left-to-right orientation boosts infants{\textquoteright} rule learning, whereas a right-to-left orientation hinders this ability. Infants{\textquoteright} rule learning operates across different domains and can also be transferred across modalities when learning is triggered by speech. However, no studies have investigated whether the transfer of rule learning occurs across different domains when language is not involved. Using a visual habituation procedure, we tested 7-month-old infants{\textquoteright} ability to extract rule-like patterns from numerical sequences and generalize them to non-numerical sequences of visual shapes and whether this ability is affected by the spatial orientation. Infants were first habituated to left-to-right or right-to-left oriented numerical sequences instantiating an ABB rule and were then tested with the familiar rule instantiated across sequences of single geometrical shapes and a novel (ABA) rule. Results showed a transfer of learning from number to visual shapes for left-to-right oriented sequences but not for right-to-left oriented ones (Experiment 1) even when the direction of the numerical change (increasing vs. decreasing) within the habituation sequences violated a small–left/large–right number–space association (Experiment 2). These results provide the first demonstration that visual rule learning mechanisms in infancy operate at a high level of abstraction and confirm earlier findings that left-to-right oriented directional cues facilitate infants{\textquoteright} representation of order.",
keywords = "Rule learning, Abstraction, Space, Serial Order, Number, Infants",
author = "Hermann Bulf and Chiara Capparini and Elena Nava and {de Hevia}, {Maria Dolores} and {Macchi Cassia}, Viola",
note = "This is the author{\textquoteright}s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 213, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2021.105270",
year = "2022",
month = jan,
day = "31",
doi = "10.1016/j.jecp.2021.105270",
language = "English",
volume = "213",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Child Psychology",
issn = "0022-0965",
publisher = "ELSEVIER ACADEMIC PRESS INC",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Space modulates cross-domain transfer of abstract rules in infants

AU - Bulf, Hermann

AU - Capparini, Chiara

AU - Nava, Elena

AU - de Hevia, Maria Dolores

AU - Macchi Cassia, Viola

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 213, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2021.105270

PY - 2022/1/31

Y1 - 2022/1/31

N2 - Developmental studies have shown that infants exploit ordinal information to extract and generalize repetition-based rules from a sequence of items. Within the visual modality, this ability is constrained by the spatial layout within which items are delivered given that a left-to-right orientation boosts infants’ rule learning, whereas a right-to-left orientation hinders this ability. Infants’ rule learning operates across different domains and can also be transferred across modalities when learning is triggered by speech. However, no studies have investigated whether the transfer of rule learning occurs across different domains when language is not involved. Using a visual habituation procedure, we tested 7-month-old infants’ ability to extract rule-like patterns from numerical sequences and generalize them to non-numerical sequences of visual shapes and whether this ability is affected by the spatial orientation. Infants were first habituated to left-to-right or right-to-left oriented numerical sequences instantiating an ABB rule and were then tested with the familiar rule instantiated across sequences of single geometrical shapes and a novel (ABA) rule. Results showed a transfer of learning from number to visual shapes for left-to-right oriented sequences but not for right-to-left oriented ones (Experiment 1) even when the direction of the numerical change (increasing vs. decreasing) within the habituation sequences violated a small–left/large–right number–space association (Experiment 2). These results provide the first demonstration that visual rule learning mechanisms in infancy operate at a high level of abstraction and confirm earlier findings that left-to-right oriented directional cues facilitate infants’ representation of order.

AB - Developmental studies have shown that infants exploit ordinal information to extract and generalize repetition-based rules from a sequence of items. Within the visual modality, this ability is constrained by the spatial layout within which items are delivered given that a left-to-right orientation boosts infants’ rule learning, whereas a right-to-left orientation hinders this ability. Infants’ rule learning operates across different domains and can also be transferred across modalities when learning is triggered by speech. However, no studies have investigated whether the transfer of rule learning occurs across different domains when language is not involved. Using a visual habituation procedure, we tested 7-month-old infants’ ability to extract rule-like patterns from numerical sequences and generalize them to non-numerical sequences of visual shapes and whether this ability is affected by the spatial orientation. Infants were first habituated to left-to-right or right-to-left oriented numerical sequences instantiating an ABB rule and were then tested with the familiar rule instantiated across sequences of single geometrical shapes and a novel (ABA) rule. Results showed a transfer of learning from number to visual shapes for left-to-right oriented sequences but not for right-to-left oriented ones (Experiment 1) even when the direction of the numerical change (increasing vs. decreasing) within the habituation sequences violated a small–left/large–right number–space association (Experiment 2). These results provide the first demonstration that visual rule learning mechanisms in infancy operate at a high level of abstraction and confirm earlier findings that left-to-right oriented directional cues facilitate infants’ representation of order.

KW - Rule learning

KW - Abstraction

KW - Space

KW - Serial Order

KW - Number

KW - Infants

U2 - 10.1016/j.jecp.2021.105270

DO - 10.1016/j.jecp.2021.105270

M3 - Journal article

VL - 213

JO - Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

JF - Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

SN - 0022-0965

M1 - 105270

ER -