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Spatial direct numerical simulation of the large vortical structures in forced plumes

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Spatial direct numerical simulation of the large vortical structures in forced plumes. / Jiang, Xi; Luo, K H .

In: Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, Vol. 64, No. 1, 03.2000, p. 43-69.

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Jiang, Xi ; Luo, K H . / Spatial direct numerical simulation of the large vortical structures in forced plumes. In: Flow, Turbulence and Combustion. 2000 ; Vol. 64, No. 1. pp. 43-69.

Bibtex

@article{bdbdf92c5bcb4ec3b1ba7cbd64672c84,
title = "Spatial direct numerical simulation of the large vortical structures in forced plumes",
abstract = "Direct numerical simulation (DNS) of forced plumes arising from input of both momentum and buoyancy into an ambient fluid is presented. The large vortical structures in the near field of thermal and reactive plumes are investigated. Boundary conditions associated with the spatial DNS of open-boundary buoyant flows that are compatible with the modern non-dissipative, high-order, finite-difference schemes have been developed. The governing equations for flow and combustion at the plume centerline are put into a special form to circumvent the singularity at the axis associated with the cylindrical coordinates. Mixing is found to be stronger in the planar thermal plume than in the axisymmetric case. An explanation is provided based on the vorticity budget. Axisymmetric reactive plumes with a one-step reaction governed by the Arrhenius kinetics have also been studied. The unsteady effects of chemical heat release and combustion-induced buoyancy on the flow structures are investigated. Budgets of the vorticity transport are examined to reveal the mechanisms leading to the formation and evolution of large vortical structures in forced plumes. It is found that volumetric expansion due to chemical heat release tends to destroy vorticity, while combustion-induced buoyancy under the gravitational effect generates vorticity. The gravitational term in the vorticity transport equation is found to be the main mechanism for the buoyant flow instability and the development of counter-rotating vortices in reactive plumes.",
keywords = "DNS, boundary condition, singularity, buoyancy, plume, vortical structure, HELIUM-AIR MIXTURES, BUOYANT PLUMES, OSCILLATORY BEHAVIOR, BOUNDARY-CONDITIONS, DIFFUSION FLAMES, JET, INSTABILITY, COMBUSTION",
author = "Xi Jiang and Luo, {K H}",
year = "2000",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1023/A:1009950127478",
language = "English",
volume = "64",
pages = "43--69",
journal = "Flow, Turbulence and Combustion",
issn = "1386-6184",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spatial direct numerical simulation of the large vortical structures in forced plumes

AU - Jiang, Xi

AU - Luo, K H

PY - 2000/3

Y1 - 2000/3

N2 - Direct numerical simulation (DNS) of forced plumes arising from input of both momentum and buoyancy into an ambient fluid is presented. The large vortical structures in the near field of thermal and reactive plumes are investigated. Boundary conditions associated with the spatial DNS of open-boundary buoyant flows that are compatible with the modern non-dissipative, high-order, finite-difference schemes have been developed. The governing equations for flow and combustion at the plume centerline are put into a special form to circumvent the singularity at the axis associated with the cylindrical coordinates. Mixing is found to be stronger in the planar thermal plume than in the axisymmetric case. An explanation is provided based on the vorticity budget. Axisymmetric reactive plumes with a one-step reaction governed by the Arrhenius kinetics have also been studied. The unsteady effects of chemical heat release and combustion-induced buoyancy on the flow structures are investigated. Budgets of the vorticity transport are examined to reveal the mechanisms leading to the formation and evolution of large vortical structures in forced plumes. It is found that volumetric expansion due to chemical heat release tends to destroy vorticity, while combustion-induced buoyancy under the gravitational effect generates vorticity. The gravitational term in the vorticity transport equation is found to be the main mechanism for the buoyant flow instability and the development of counter-rotating vortices in reactive plumes.

AB - Direct numerical simulation (DNS) of forced plumes arising from input of both momentum and buoyancy into an ambient fluid is presented. The large vortical structures in the near field of thermal and reactive plumes are investigated. Boundary conditions associated with the spatial DNS of open-boundary buoyant flows that are compatible with the modern non-dissipative, high-order, finite-difference schemes have been developed. The governing equations for flow and combustion at the plume centerline are put into a special form to circumvent the singularity at the axis associated with the cylindrical coordinates. Mixing is found to be stronger in the planar thermal plume than in the axisymmetric case. An explanation is provided based on the vorticity budget. Axisymmetric reactive plumes with a one-step reaction governed by the Arrhenius kinetics have also been studied. The unsteady effects of chemical heat release and combustion-induced buoyancy on the flow structures are investigated. Budgets of the vorticity transport are examined to reveal the mechanisms leading to the formation and evolution of large vortical structures in forced plumes. It is found that volumetric expansion due to chemical heat release tends to destroy vorticity, while combustion-induced buoyancy under the gravitational effect generates vorticity. The gravitational term in the vorticity transport equation is found to be the main mechanism for the buoyant flow instability and the development of counter-rotating vortices in reactive plumes.

KW - DNS

KW - boundary condition

KW - singularity

KW - buoyancy

KW - plume

KW - vortical structure

KW - HELIUM-AIR MIXTURES

KW - BUOYANT PLUMES

KW - OSCILLATORY BEHAVIOR

KW - BOUNDARY-CONDITIONS

KW - DIFFUSION FLAMES

KW - JET

KW - INSTABILITY

KW - COMBUSTION

U2 - 10.1023/A:1009950127478

DO - 10.1023/A:1009950127478

M3 - Journal article

VL - 64

SP - 43

EP - 69

JO - Flow, Turbulence and Combustion

JF - Flow, Turbulence and Combustion

SN - 1386-6184

IS - 1

ER -