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Spatial inequality in the Australian youth labour market : the role of neighbourhood composition.

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>02/2004
<mark>Journal</mark>Regional Studies
Issue number1
Volume38
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)15-25
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Australia has experienced a polarization of income and labour market outcomes over the past 20 years (Gregory and Hunter, 1995; Harding, 1996). This has taken an increasingly spatial dimension (Hunter, 1995a, 1995b), giving rise to concerns that the spatial pooling of disadvantage may hamper the labour market outcomes of youth growing up in poorer residential areas. This paper explores the role that the differential neighbourhood 'quality' of an individual's residential area at age 16 has on their labour market outcomes at age 18 and age 21. Evidence is found that youth who live in poorer quality neighbourhoods face an increased likelihood of being unemployed at both the age of 18 and 21, even after controlling for personal and family characteristics.

Bibliographic note

The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Regional Studies, 38 (1), 2004, © Informa Plc