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Spatial variability in emissions reduction strategies for sulphur and nitrogen in the UK

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Spatial variability in emissions reduction strategies for sulphur and nitrogen in the UK. / Metcalfe, S. E.; Whyatt, J. D.; Derwent, R. G.; Bull, K.; Dyke, H.

In: Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, Vol. 85, No. 4, 01.12.1995, p. 2619-2624.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Metcalfe, SE, Whyatt, JD, Derwent, RG, Bull, K & Dyke, H 1995, 'Spatial variability in emissions reduction strategies for sulphur and nitrogen in the UK', Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, vol. 85, no. 4, pp. 2619-2624. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01186229

APA

Metcalfe, S. E., Whyatt, J. D., Derwent, R. G., Bull, K., & Dyke, H. (1995). Spatial variability in emissions reduction strategies for sulphur and nitrogen in the UK. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 85(4), 2619-2624. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01186229

Vancouver

Metcalfe SE, Whyatt JD, Derwent RG, Bull K, Dyke H. Spatial variability in emissions reduction strategies for sulphur and nitrogen in the UK. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution. 1995 Dec 1;85(4):2619-2624. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01186229

Author

Metcalfe, S. E. ; Whyatt, J. D. ; Derwent, R. G. ; Bull, K. ; Dyke, H. / Spatial variability in emissions reduction strategies for sulphur and nitrogen in the UK. In: Water, Air, & Soil Pollution. 1995 ; Vol. 85, No. 4. pp. 2619-2624.

Bibtex

@article{6ce02915f2d749b7a9785548f298998e,
title = "Spatial variability in emissions reduction strategies for sulphur and nitrogen in the UK",
abstract = "The roles of sulphur (S) and nitrogen (N) in causing critical loads exceedance across the UK show considerable spatial variability at the present time. Over much of lowland Britain it appears that the environment can only be protected by reducing N deposition, whilst in upland areas (e.g. most of Scotland and Wales) reductions in S deposition are the primary requirement. Using the Hull Acid Rain Model (HARM) the effects of current and possible future emissions control legislation on critical loads exceedance can be explored. Based on HARM output, the implementation of the UNECE Sulphur Protocol (1994) will bring about a substantial reduction in the amount of S being deposited in the UK, especially in central and southern parts of the country. Some areas will remain where additional reductions in S are required. Over most of the country, however, the need to reduce N deposition will become paramount. The changing contributions and significance of non-UK sources can be estimated.",
keywords = "critical loads function, emissions reductions, nitrogen, sulphur",
author = "Metcalfe, {S. E.} and Whyatt, {J. D.} and Derwent, {R. G.} and K. Bull and H. Dyke",
year = "1995",
month = dec,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/BF01186229",
language = "English",
volume = "85",
pages = "2619--2624",
journal = "Water, Air, and Soil Pollution",
issn = "0049-6979",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spatial variability in emissions reduction strategies for sulphur and nitrogen in the UK

AU - Metcalfe, S. E.

AU - Whyatt, J. D.

AU - Derwent, R. G.

AU - Bull, K.

AU - Dyke, H.

PY - 1995/12/1

Y1 - 1995/12/1

N2 - The roles of sulphur (S) and nitrogen (N) in causing critical loads exceedance across the UK show considerable spatial variability at the present time. Over much of lowland Britain it appears that the environment can only be protected by reducing N deposition, whilst in upland areas (e.g. most of Scotland and Wales) reductions in S deposition are the primary requirement. Using the Hull Acid Rain Model (HARM) the effects of current and possible future emissions control legislation on critical loads exceedance can be explored. Based on HARM output, the implementation of the UNECE Sulphur Protocol (1994) will bring about a substantial reduction in the amount of S being deposited in the UK, especially in central and southern parts of the country. Some areas will remain where additional reductions in S are required. Over most of the country, however, the need to reduce N deposition will become paramount. The changing contributions and significance of non-UK sources can be estimated.

AB - The roles of sulphur (S) and nitrogen (N) in causing critical loads exceedance across the UK show considerable spatial variability at the present time. Over much of lowland Britain it appears that the environment can only be protected by reducing N deposition, whilst in upland areas (e.g. most of Scotland and Wales) reductions in S deposition are the primary requirement. Using the Hull Acid Rain Model (HARM) the effects of current and possible future emissions control legislation on critical loads exceedance can be explored. Based on HARM output, the implementation of the UNECE Sulphur Protocol (1994) will bring about a substantial reduction in the amount of S being deposited in the UK, especially in central and southern parts of the country. Some areas will remain where additional reductions in S are required. Over most of the country, however, the need to reduce N deposition will become paramount. The changing contributions and significance of non-UK sources can be estimated.

KW - critical loads function

KW - emissions reductions

KW - nitrogen

KW - sulphur

U2 - 10.1007/BF01186229

DO - 10.1007/BF01186229

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:0029635872

VL - 85

SP - 2619

EP - 2624

JO - Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

JF - Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

SN - 0049-6979

IS - 4

ER -