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  • Off-resonance spin-locking

    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance . Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, 84, 2017 DOI: 10.1016/j.ssnmr.2016.11.001

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Spin-locking of half-integer quadrupolar nuclei in NMR of solids: the far off-resonance case

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>07/2017
<mark>Journal</mark>Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Volume84
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)4-13
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date30/11/16
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Spin-locking of spin I = 3/2 and I = 5/2 nuclei in the presence of large res- onance offsets has been studied using both approximate and exact theoretical approaches and, in the case of I = 3/2, experimentally. We show the variety of coherences and population states produced in a far off-resonance spin-locking NMR experiment (one consisting solely of a spin-locking pulse) and how these vary with the radiofrequency field strength and offset frequency. Under magic angle spinning (MAS) conditions and in the “adiabatic limit”, these spin-locked states acquire a time dependence. We discuss the rotor-driven interconversion of the spin-locked states, using an exact density matrix approach to confirm the results of the approximate model. Using conventional and multiple-quantum fil- tered spin-locking 23Na (I = 3/2) NMR experiments under both static and MAS conditions, we confirm the results of the theoretical calculations, demonstrating the applicability of the approximate theoretical model to the far off-resonance case. This simplified model includes only the effects of the initial rapid dephas- ing of coherences that occurs at the start of the spin-locking period and its success in reproducing both experimental and exact simulation data indicates that it is this dephasing that is the dominant phenomenon in NMR spin-locking of quadrupolar nuclei, as we have previously found for the on-resonance and near-resonance cases. Potentially, far off-resonance spin-locking of quadrupolar nuclei could be of interest in experiments such as cross polarisation as a conse- quence of the spin-locking pulse being applied to a better defined initial state (the thermal equilibrium bulk magnetisation aligned along the z-axis) than can be created in a powdered solid with a selective radiofrequency pulse, where the effect of the pulse depends on the orientation of the individual crystallites.

Bibliographic note

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance . Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, 84, 2017 DOI: 10.1016/j.ssnmr.2016.11.001