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Spin-locking of half-integer quadrupolar nuclei in nuclear magnetic resonance of solids: second-order quadrupolar and resonance offset effects

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Spin-locking of half-integer quadrupolar nuclei in nuclear magnetic resonance of solids : second-order quadrupolar and resonance offset effects. / Ashbrook, Sharon E.; Wimperis, Stephen.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 131, No. 19, 194509, 21.11.2009.

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@article{542ce0731f164448b132464863bba821,
title = "Spin-locking of half-integer quadrupolar nuclei in nuclear magnetic resonance of solids: second-order quadrupolar and resonance offset effects",
abstract = "Spin-locking of spin I=3/2 and I=5/2 nuclei in the presence of small resonance offset and second-order quadrupolar interactions has been investigated using both exact and approximate theoretical and experimental nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) approaches. In the presence of second-order quadrupolar interactions, we show that the initial rapid dephasing that arises from the noncommutation of the state prepared by the first pulse and the spin-locking Hamiltonian gives rise to tensor components of the spin density matrix that are antisymmetric with respect to inversion, in addition to those symmetric with respect to inversion that are found when only a first-order quadrupolar interaction is considered. We also find that spin-locking of multiple-quantum coherence in a static solid is much more sensitive to resonance offset than that of single-quantum coherence and show that good spin-locking of multiple-quantum coherence can still be achieved if the resonance offset matches the second-order shift of the multiple-quantum coherence in the appropriate reference frame. Under magic angle spinning (MAS) conditions, and in the {"}adiabatic{"} limit, we demonstrate that rotor-driven interconversion of central-transition single- and three-quantum coherences for a spin I=3/2 nucleus can be best achieved by performing the spin-locking on resonance with the three-quantum coherence in the three-quantum frame. Finally, in the {"}sudden{"} MAS limit, we show that spin I=3/2 spin-locking behavior is generally similar to that found in static solids, except when the central-transition nutation rate matches a multiple of the MAS rate and a variety of rotary resonance phenomena are observed depending on the internal spin interactions present. This investigation should aid in the application of spin-locking techniques to multiple-quantum NMR of quadrupolar nuclei and of cross-polarization and homonuclear dipolar recoupling experiments to quadrupolar nuclei such as (7)Li, (11)B, (17)O, (23)Na, and (27)Al.",
keywords = "nuclear magnetic resonance, quadrupole interactions, spin systems, QUANTUM CROSS-POLARIZATION, MULTIPLE-QUANTUM, MAS NMR, SYSTEMS, SINGLE, TRANSITION, EXCITATION, LINESHAPES, SAMPLES",
author = "Ashbrook, {Sharon E.} and Stephen Wimperis",
year = "2009",
month = nov,
day = "21",
doi = "10.1063/1.3263904",
language = "English",
volume = "131",
journal = "Journal of Chemical Physics",
issn = "0021-9606",
publisher = "AMER INST PHYSICS",
number = "19",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spin-locking of half-integer quadrupolar nuclei in nuclear magnetic resonance of solids

T2 - second-order quadrupolar and resonance offset effects

AU - Ashbrook, Sharon E.

AU - Wimperis, Stephen

PY - 2009/11/21

Y1 - 2009/11/21

N2 - Spin-locking of spin I=3/2 and I=5/2 nuclei in the presence of small resonance offset and second-order quadrupolar interactions has been investigated using both exact and approximate theoretical and experimental nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) approaches. In the presence of second-order quadrupolar interactions, we show that the initial rapid dephasing that arises from the noncommutation of the state prepared by the first pulse and the spin-locking Hamiltonian gives rise to tensor components of the spin density matrix that are antisymmetric with respect to inversion, in addition to those symmetric with respect to inversion that are found when only a first-order quadrupolar interaction is considered. We also find that spin-locking of multiple-quantum coherence in a static solid is much more sensitive to resonance offset than that of single-quantum coherence and show that good spin-locking of multiple-quantum coherence can still be achieved if the resonance offset matches the second-order shift of the multiple-quantum coherence in the appropriate reference frame. Under magic angle spinning (MAS) conditions, and in the "adiabatic" limit, we demonstrate that rotor-driven interconversion of central-transition single- and three-quantum coherences for a spin I=3/2 nucleus can be best achieved by performing the spin-locking on resonance with the three-quantum coherence in the three-quantum frame. Finally, in the "sudden" MAS limit, we show that spin I=3/2 spin-locking behavior is generally similar to that found in static solids, except when the central-transition nutation rate matches a multiple of the MAS rate and a variety of rotary resonance phenomena are observed depending on the internal spin interactions present. This investigation should aid in the application of spin-locking techniques to multiple-quantum NMR of quadrupolar nuclei and of cross-polarization and homonuclear dipolar recoupling experiments to quadrupolar nuclei such as (7)Li, (11)B, (17)O, (23)Na, and (27)Al.

AB - Spin-locking of spin I=3/2 and I=5/2 nuclei in the presence of small resonance offset and second-order quadrupolar interactions has been investigated using both exact and approximate theoretical and experimental nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) approaches. In the presence of second-order quadrupolar interactions, we show that the initial rapid dephasing that arises from the noncommutation of the state prepared by the first pulse and the spin-locking Hamiltonian gives rise to tensor components of the spin density matrix that are antisymmetric with respect to inversion, in addition to those symmetric with respect to inversion that are found when only a first-order quadrupolar interaction is considered. We also find that spin-locking of multiple-quantum coherence in a static solid is much more sensitive to resonance offset than that of single-quantum coherence and show that good spin-locking of multiple-quantum coherence can still be achieved if the resonance offset matches the second-order shift of the multiple-quantum coherence in the appropriate reference frame. Under magic angle spinning (MAS) conditions, and in the "adiabatic" limit, we demonstrate that rotor-driven interconversion of central-transition single- and three-quantum coherences for a spin I=3/2 nucleus can be best achieved by performing the spin-locking on resonance with the three-quantum coherence in the three-quantum frame. Finally, in the "sudden" MAS limit, we show that spin I=3/2 spin-locking behavior is generally similar to that found in static solids, except when the central-transition nutation rate matches a multiple of the MAS rate and a variety of rotary resonance phenomena are observed depending on the internal spin interactions present. This investigation should aid in the application of spin-locking techniques to multiple-quantum NMR of quadrupolar nuclei and of cross-polarization and homonuclear dipolar recoupling experiments to quadrupolar nuclei such as (7)Li, (11)B, (17)O, (23)Na, and (27)Al.

KW - nuclear magnetic resonance

KW - quadrupole interactions

KW - spin systems

KW - QUANTUM CROSS-POLARIZATION

KW - MULTIPLE-QUANTUM

KW - MAS NMR

KW - SYSTEMS

KW - SINGLE

KW - TRANSITION

KW - EXCITATION

KW - LINESHAPES

KW - SAMPLES

U2 - 10.1063/1.3263904

DO - 10.1063/1.3263904

M3 - Journal article

VL - 131

JO - Journal of Chemical Physics

JF - Journal of Chemical Physics

SN - 0021-9606

IS - 19

M1 - 194509

ER -