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Standards, whose standards?

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Standards, whose standards? / Cass, Noel Flay; Shove, Elizabeth Anne.

In: Architectural Science Review, Vol. 61, No. 5, 2018, p. 272-279.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Cass, NF & Shove, EA 2018, 'Standards, whose standards?', Architectural Science Review, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 272-279. https://doi.org/10.1080/00038628.2018.1502158

APA

Vancouver

Author

Cass, Noel Flay ; Shove, Elizabeth Anne. / Standards, whose standards?. In: Architectural Science Review. 2018 ; Vol. 61, No. 5. pp. 272-279.

Bibtex

@article{f28bde04b64847a0ad966f399ac7123f,
title = "Standards, whose standards?",
abstract = "Building standards, regulations and labelling schemes are instruments for reducing energy demand and carbon emissions, linking policy ambitions to market-based responses. In practice, their effects are complicated. In this paper we show how {\textquoteleft}market standards{\textquoteright} in the office sector are fostering escalating energy demand and favouring building designs increasingly disconnected from changing user needs. In {\textquoteleft}black boxing{\textquoteright} ideas about needs, standards powerfully and dangerously stabilize, and often escalate, concepts of {\textquoteleft}normal{\textquoteright} provision. Far from being neutral, standards are operating amid competing interests and ambitions in the market place. Processes of black-boxing, locking-in, ratcheting, reification, circulation and disconnection (the {\textquoteleft}dark sides{\textquoteright} of standards in action) are investigated to explore how they might be avoided. The paper provides insight into the role that market standards play in energy demand in the non-domestic (office) sector, through an examination of ten case studies of speculative office developments in London.",
keywords = "Standards, market, offices, design, energy, buildings",
author = "Cass, {Noel Flay} and Shove, {Elizabeth Anne}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1080/00038628.2018.1502158",
language = "English",
volume = "61",
pages = "272--279",
journal = "Architectural Science Review",
issn = "0003-8628",
publisher = "Earthscan",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Standards, whose standards?

AU - Cass, Noel Flay

AU - Shove, Elizabeth Anne

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Building standards, regulations and labelling schemes are instruments for reducing energy demand and carbon emissions, linking policy ambitions to market-based responses. In practice, their effects are complicated. In this paper we show how ‘market standards’ in the office sector are fostering escalating energy demand and favouring building designs increasingly disconnected from changing user needs. In ‘black boxing’ ideas about needs, standards powerfully and dangerously stabilize, and often escalate, concepts of ‘normal’ provision. Far from being neutral, standards are operating amid competing interests and ambitions in the market place. Processes of black-boxing, locking-in, ratcheting, reification, circulation and disconnection (the ‘dark sides’ of standards in action) are investigated to explore how they might be avoided. The paper provides insight into the role that market standards play in energy demand in the non-domestic (office) sector, through an examination of ten case studies of speculative office developments in London.

AB - Building standards, regulations and labelling schemes are instruments for reducing energy demand and carbon emissions, linking policy ambitions to market-based responses. In practice, their effects are complicated. In this paper we show how ‘market standards’ in the office sector are fostering escalating energy demand and favouring building designs increasingly disconnected from changing user needs. In ‘black boxing’ ideas about needs, standards powerfully and dangerously stabilize, and often escalate, concepts of ‘normal’ provision. Far from being neutral, standards are operating amid competing interests and ambitions in the market place. Processes of black-boxing, locking-in, ratcheting, reification, circulation and disconnection (the ‘dark sides’ of standards in action) are investigated to explore how they might be avoided. The paper provides insight into the role that market standards play in energy demand in the non-domestic (office) sector, through an examination of ten case studies of speculative office developments in London.

KW - Standards

KW - market

KW - offices

KW - design

KW - energy

KW - buildings

U2 - 10.1080/00038628.2018.1502158

DO - 10.1080/00038628.2018.1502158

M3 - Journal article

VL - 61

SP - 272

EP - 279

JO - Architectural Science Review

JF - Architectural Science Review

SN - 0003-8628

IS - 5

ER -