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Structural insights into the polymorphism of amyloid-like fibrils formed by region 20-29 of amylin revealed by solid-state NMR and X-ray fiber diffraction

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  • Jillian Madine
  • Edward Jack
  • Peter G Stockley
  • Sheena E Radford
  • Louise C Serpell
  • David A Middleton
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>12/11/2008
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number45
Number of pages12
Pages (from-to)14990-5001
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Many unrelated proteins and peptides can assemble into amyloid or amyloid-like nanostructures, all of which share the cross-beta motif of repeat arrays of beta-strands hydrogen-bonded along the fibril axis. Yet, paradoxically, structurally polymorphic fibrils may derive from the same initial polypeptide sequence. Here, solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (SSNMR) analysis of amyloid-like fibrils of the peptide hIAPP 20-29, corresponding to the region S (20)NNFGAILSS (29) of the human islet amyloid polypeptide amylin, reveals that the peptide assembles into two amyloid-like forms, (1) and (2), which have distinct structures at the molecular level. Rotational resonance SSNMR measurements of (13)C dipolar couplings between backbone F23 and I26 of hIAPP 20-29 fibrils are consistent with form (1) having parallel beta-strands and form (2) having antiparallel strands within the beta-sheet layers of the protofilament units. Seeding hIAPP 20-29 with structurally homogeneous fibrils from a 30-residue amylin fragment (hIAPP 8-37) produces morphologically homogeneous fibrils with similar NMR properties to form (1). A model for the architecture of the seeded fibrils is presented, based on the analysis of X-ray fiber diffraction data, combined with an extensive range of SSNMR constraints including chemical shifts, torsional angles, and interatomic distances. The model features a cross-beta spine comprising two beta-sheets with an interface defined by residues F23, A25, and L27, which form a hydrophobic zipper. We suggest that the energies of formation for fibril form containing antiparallel and parallel beta-strands are similar when both configurations can be stabilized by a core of hydrophobic contacts, which has implications for the relationship between amino acid sequence and amyloid polymorphism in general.