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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Renewable Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Renewable Energy, 83, 2015 DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2015.05.006

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Structural integrity monitoring of onshore wind turbine concrete foundations

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/2015
<mark>Journal</mark>Renewable Energy
Volume83
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)1131-1138
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date11/06/15
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Signs of damage around the bottom flange of the embedded ring were identified in a large number of existing onshore concrete foundations. As a result, the embedded ring experienced excessive vertical displacement. A wireless structural integrity monitoring (SIM) technique was developed and installed in the field to monitor the stability of these turbines by measuring the displacement patterns and subsequently alerting any significant movements of the embedded ring. This was achieved by using wireless displacement sensors located in the bottom of the turbine. A wind turbine was used as a test bed to evaluate the performance of the SIM system under field operating conditions. The results obtained from the sensors and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) showed that the embedded ring exhibited significant vertical movement especially during periods of turbulent wind speed and during shut down and start up events. The measured displacement was variable around the circumference of the foundation as a result of the wind direction and the rotor uplift forces. The excessive vertical movement was observed in the side where the rotor is rotating upwards. The field test demonstrated that the SIM technique offers great potential for improving the reliability and safety of wind turbine foundations.

Bibliographic note

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Renewable Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Renewable Energy, 83, 2015 DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2015.05.006