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Structural Learning of Activities from Sparse Datasets

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Structural Learning of Activities from Sparse Datasets. / Albinali, Fahd; Davies, Nigel; Friday, Adrian.

Pervasive Computing and Communications, 2007. PerCom '07. Fifth Annual IEEE International Conference on. Vol. 0 2007. p. 221-228.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNConference contribution/Paperpeer-review

Harvard

Albinali, F, Davies, N & Friday, A 2007, Structural Learning of Activities from Sparse Datasets. in Pervasive Computing and Communications, 2007. PerCom '07. Fifth Annual IEEE International Conference on. vol. 0, pp. 221-228. https://doi.org/10.1109/PERCOM.2007.33

APA

Albinali, F., Davies, N., & Friday, A. (2007). Structural Learning of Activities from Sparse Datasets. In Pervasive Computing and Communications, 2007. PerCom '07. Fifth Annual IEEE International Conference on (Vol. 0, pp. 221-228) https://doi.org/10.1109/PERCOM.2007.33

Vancouver

Albinali F, Davies N, Friday A. Structural Learning of Activities from Sparse Datasets. In Pervasive Computing and Communications, 2007. PerCom '07. Fifth Annual IEEE International Conference on. Vol. 0. 2007. p. 221-228 doi: 10.1109/PERCOM.2007.33

Author

Albinali, Fahd ; Davies, Nigel ; Friday, Adrian. / Structural Learning of Activities from Sparse Datasets. Pervasive Computing and Communications, 2007. PerCom '07. Fifth Annual IEEE International Conference on. Vol. 0 2007. pp. 221-228

Bibtex

@inproceedings{371dd01a4805442c9532c8493f04ea9d,
title = "Structural Learning of Activities from Sparse Datasets",
abstract = "A major challenge in pervasive computing is to learn activity patterns, such as bathing and cleaning from sensor data. Typical sensor deployments generate sparse datasets with thousands of sensor readings and a few instances of activities. The imbalance between the number of features (i.e. sensors) and the classification targets (i.e. activities) complicates the learning process. In this paper, we propose a novel framework for discovering relationships between sensor signals and observed human activities from sparse datasets. The framework builds on the use of Bayesian networks for modeling activities by representing statistical dependencies between sensors. We optimize learning Bayesian networks of activities in 3 ways. Firstly, we perform multicollinearity analysis to focus on orthogonal sensor data with minimal redundancy. Secondly, we propose Efron's bootstrapping to generate large training sets that capture important features of an activity. Finally, we find the best Bayesian network that explains our data using a heuristic search that is insensitive to the exact ordering between variables. We evaluate our proposed approach using a publicly available data set gathered from MIT's PlaceLab. The inferred networks correctly identify activities for 85% of the time.",
author = "Fahd Albinali and Nigel Davies and Adrian Friday",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1109/PERCOM.2007.33",
language = "English",
volume = "0",
pages = "221--228",
booktitle = "Pervasive Computing and Communications, 2007. PerCom '07. Fifth Annual IEEE International Conference on",

}

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - Structural Learning of Activities from Sparse Datasets

AU - Albinali, Fahd

AU - Davies, Nigel

AU - Friday, Adrian

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - A major challenge in pervasive computing is to learn activity patterns, such as bathing and cleaning from sensor data. Typical sensor deployments generate sparse datasets with thousands of sensor readings and a few instances of activities. The imbalance between the number of features (i.e. sensors) and the classification targets (i.e. activities) complicates the learning process. In this paper, we propose a novel framework for discovering relationships between sensor signals and observed human activities from sparse datasets. The framework builds on the use of Bayesian networks for modeling activities by representing statistical dependencies between sensors. We optimize learning Bayesian networks of activities in 3 ways. Firstly, we perform multicollinearity analysis to focus on orthogonal sensor data with minimal redundancy. Secondly, we propose Efron's bootstrapping to generate large training sets that capture important features of an activity. Finally, we find the best Bayesian network that explains our data using a heuristic search that is insensitive to the exact ordering between variables. We evaluate our proposed approach using a publicly available data set gathered from MIT's PlaceLab. The inferred networks correctly identify activities for 85% of the time.

AB - A major challenge in pervasive computing is to learn activity patterns, such as bathing and cleaning from sensor data. Typical sensor deployments generate sparse datasets with thousands of sensor readings and a few instances of activities. The imbalance between the number of features (i.e. sensors) and the classification targets (i.e. activities) complicates the learning process. In this paper, we propose a novel framework for discovering relationships between sensor signals and observed human activities from sparse datasets. The framework builds on the use of Bayesian networks for modeling activities by representing statistical dependencies between sensors. We optimize learning Bayesian networks of activities in 3 ways. Firstly, we perform multicollinearity analysis to focus on orthogonal sensor data with minimal redundancy. Secondly, we propose Efron's bootstrapping to generate large training sets that capture important features of an activity. Finally, we find the best Bayesian network that explains our data using a heuristic search that is insensitive to the exact ordering between variables. We evaluate our proposed approach using a publicly available data set gathered from MIT's PlaceLab. The inferred networks correctly identify activities for 85% of the time.

U2 - 10.1109/PERCOM.2007.33

DO - 10.1109/PERCOM.2007.33

M3 - Conference contribution/Paper

VL - 0

SP - 221

EP - 228

BT - Pervasive Computing and Communications, 2007. PerCom '07. Fifth Annual IEEE International Conference on

ER -