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Subglacial lakes and their changing role in a warming climate

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Subglacial lakes and their changing role in a warming climate. / Livingstone, Stephen J.; Li, Yan; Rutishauser, Anja; Sanderson, Rebecca J.; Winter, Kate; Mikucki, Jill A.; Björnsson, Helgi; Bowling, Jade S.; Chu, Winnie; Dow, Christine F.; Fricker, Helen A.; McMillan, Malcolm; Ng, Felix S. L.; Ross, Neil; Siegert, Martin J.; Siegfried, Matthew; Sole, Andrew J.

In: Nature Reviews Earth and Environment, Vol. 3, No. 2, 28.02.2022, p. 106-124.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Livingstone, SJ, Li, Y, Rutishauser, A, Sanderson, RJ, Winter, K, Mikucki, JA, Björnsson, H, Bowling, JS, Chu, W, Dow, CF, Fricker, HA, McMillan, M, Ng, FSL, Ross, N, Siegert, MJ, Siegfried, M & Sole, AJ 2022, 'Subglacial lakes and their changing role in a warming climate', Nature Reviews Earth and Environment, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 106-124. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43017-021-00246-9

APA

Livingstone, S. J., Li, Y., Rutishauser, A., Sanderson, R. J., Winter, K., Mikucki, J. A., Björnsson, H., Bowling, J. S., Chu, W., Dow, C. F., Fricker, H. A., McMillan, M., Ng, F. S. L., Ross, N., Siegert, M. J., Siegfried, M., & Sole, A. J. (2022). Subglacial lakes and their changing role in a warming climate. Nature Reviews Earth and Environment, 3(2), 106-124. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43017-021-00246-9

Vancouver

Livingstone SJ, Li Y, Rutishauser A, Sanderson RJ, Winter K, Mikucki JA et al. Subglacial lakes and their changing role in a warming climate. Nature Reviews Earth and Environment. 2022 Feb 28;3(2):106-124. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43017-021-00246-9

Author

Livingstone, Stephen J. ; Li, Yan ; Rutishauser, Anja ; Sanderson, Rebecca J. ; Winter, Kate ; Mikucki, Jill A. ; Björnsson, Helgi ; Bowling, Jade S. ; Chu, Winnie ; Dow, Christine F. ; Fricker, Helen A. ; McMillan, Malcolm ; Ng, Felix S. L. ; Ross, Neil ; Siegert, Martin J. ; Siegfried, Matthew ; Sole, Andrew J. / Subglacial lakes and their changing role in a warming climate. In: Nature Reviews Earth and Environment. 2022 ; Vol. 3, No. 2. pp. 106-124.

Bibtex

@article{279262fd7b9049588aa617ad1925805f,
title = "Subglacial lakes and their changing role in a warming climate",
abstract = "Subglacial lakes are repositories of ancient climate conditions, provide habitats for life and modulate ice flow, basal hydrology, biogeochemical fluxes and geomorphic activity. In this Review, we construct the first global inventory of subglacial lakes (773 in total), which includes 675 from Antarctica (59 newly identified), 64 from Greenland, 2 beneath the Devon Ice Cap, 6 beneath Iceland{\textquoteright}s ice caps and 26 from valley glaciers. This inventory is used to evaluate subglacial lake environments, dynamics and their wider impact on ice flow and sediment transport. The behaviour of these lakes is conditioned by their subglacial setting and the hydrological, dynamic and mass balance regime of the overlying ice mass. Regions where climate warming causes ice surface steepening are predicted to have fewer and smaller lakes, but increased activity with higher discharge drainages of shorter duration. Coupling to surface melt and rainfall inputs will modulate fill–drain cycles and seasonally enhance oxic processes. Higher discharges cause large, transient ice flow accelerations but might result in overall net slowdown owing to the development of efficient subglacial drainage. Subglacial lake research requires new drilling technologies and the integration of geophysics, satellite monitoring and numerical modelling to provide insight into the wider role of subglacial lakes in the changing Earth system.",
keywords = "Nature and Landscape Conservation, Atmospheric Science, Earth-Surface Processes, Pollution",
author = "Livingstone, {Stephen J.} and Yan Li and Anja Rutishauser and Sanderson, {Rebecca J.} and Kate Winter and Mikucki, {Jill A.} and Helgi Bj{\"o}rnsson and Bowling, {Jade S.} and Winnie Chu and Dow, {Christine F.} and Fricker, {Helen A.} and Malcolm McMillan and Ng, {Felix S. L.} and Neil Ross and Siegert, {Martin J.} and Matthew Siegfried and Sole, {Andrew J.}",
year = "2022",
month = feb,
day = "28",
doi = "10.1038/s43017-021-00246-9",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "106--124",
journal = "Nature Reviews Earth and Environment",
issn = "2662-138X",
publisher = "Nature Research",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Subglacial lakes and their changing role in a warming climate

AU - Livingstone, Stephen J.

AU - Li, Yan

AU - Rutishauser, Anja

AU - Sanderson, Rebecca J.

AU - Winter, Kate

AU - Mikucki, Jill A.

AU - Björnsson, Helgi

AU - Bowling, Jade S.

AU - Chu, Winnie

AU - Dow, Christine F.

AU - Fricker, Helen A.

AU - McMillan, Malcolm

AU - Ng, Felix S. L.

AU - Ross, Neil

AU - Siegert, Martin J.

AU - Siegfried, Matthew

AU - Sole, Andrew J.

PY - 2022/2/28

Y1 - 2022/2/28

N2 - Subglacial lakes are repositories of ancient climate conditions, provide habitats for life and modulate ice flow, basal hydrology, biogeochemical fluxes and geomorphic activity. In this Review, we construct the first global inventory of subglacial lakes (773 in total), which includes 675 from Antarctica (59 newly identified), 64 from Greenland, 2 beneath the Devon Ice Cap, 6 beneath Iceland’s ice caps and 26 from valley glaciers. This inventory is used to evaluate subglacial lake environments, dynamics and their wider impact on ice flow and sediment transport. The behaviour of these lakes is conditioned by their subglacial setting and the hydrological, dynamic and mass balance regime of the overlying ice mass. Regions where climate warming causes ice surface steepening are predicted to have fewer and smaller lakes, but increased activity with higher discharge drainages of shorter duration. Coupling to surface melt and rainfall inputs will modulate fill–drain cycles and seasonally enhance oxic processes. Higher discharges cause large, transient ice flow accelerations but might result in overall net slowdown owing to the development of efficient subglacial drainage. Subglacial lake research requires new drilling technologies and the integration of geophysics, satellite monitoring and numerical modelling to provide insight into the wider role of subglacial lakes in the changing Earth system.

AB - Subglacial lakes are repositories of ancient climate conditions, provide habitats for life and modulate ice flow, basal hydrology, biogeochemical fluxes and geomorphic activity. In this Review, we construct the first global inventory of subglacial lakes (773 in total), which includes 675 from Antarctica (59 newly identified), 64 from Greenland, 2 beneath the Devon Ice Cap, 6 beneath Iceland’s ice caps and 26 from valley glaciers. This inventory is used to evaluate subglacial lake environments, dynamics and their wider impact on ice flow and sediment transport. The behaviour of these lakes is conditioned by their subglacial setting and the hydrological, dynamic and mass balance regime of the overlying ice mass. Regions where climate warming causes ice surface steepening are predicted to have fewer and smaller lakes, but increased activity with higher discharge drainages of shorter duration. Coupling to surface melt and rainfall inputs will modulate fill–drain cycles and seasonally enhance oxic processes. Higher discharges cause large, transient ice flow accelerations but might result in overall net slowdown owing to the development of efficient subglacial drainage. Subglacial lake research requires new drilling technologies and the integration of geophysics, satellite monitoring and numerical modelling to provide insight into the wider role of subglacial lakes in the changing Earth system.

KW - Nature and Landscape Conservation

KW - Atmospheric Science

KW - Earth-Surface Processes

KW - Pollution

U2 - 10.1038/s43017-021-00246-9

DO - 10.1038/s43017-021-00246-9

M3 - Journal article

VL - 3

SP - 106

EP - 124

JO - Nature Reviews Earth and Environment

JF - Nature Reviews Earth and Environment

SN - 2662-138X

IS - 2

ER -