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Super-resolution mapping using Hopfield neural network with panchromatic imagery

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/2011
<mark>Journal</mark>International Journal of Remote Sensing
Issue number21
Number of pages28
Pages (from-to)6149-6176
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date12/07/11
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Land-cover proportions of mixed pixels can be predicted using soft classification. From the land-cover proportions, a hard land-cover map can be predicted at sub-pixel spatial resolution using super-resolution mapping techniques. It has been demonstrated that the Hopfield Neural Network (HNN) provides a suitable method for super-resolution mapping. To increase the detail and accuracy of the sub-pixel land-cover map, supplementary information at an intermediate spatial resolution can be used. In this research, panchromatic (PAN) imagery was used as an additional source of information for super-resolution mapping. Information from the PAN image was captured by a new PAN reflectance constraint in the energy function of the HNN. The value of the new PAN reflectance constraint was defined based on forward and inverse models with local end-member spectra and local convolution weighting factors. Two sets of simulated and degraded data were used to test the new technique. The results indicate that PAN imagery can be used as a source of supplementary information to increase the detail and accuracy of sub-pixel land-cover maps produced by super-resolution mapping from land-cover proportion images.

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