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Surface modification of bioceramics by grafting of tailored allyl phosphonic acid

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  • M.J. Phillips
  • P. Duncanson
  • K. Wilson
  • J.A. Darr
  • D.V. Griffiths
  • I. Rehman
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2005
<mark>Journal</mark>Advances in Applied Ceramics
Issue number5
Number of pages7
Pages (from-to)261-267
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


A new route to interfacial bonding between ceramic and matrix in biocomposites is identified. A tailored allyl phosphonic acid is used as a coupling agent bound to the surface of a bioceramic to form a 'grafted' calcium phosphate (CAP). The allyl phosphonic acid coupling agent is synthesised by reaction of allyl halide and trialkyl phosphite. Successful synthesis was confirmed by nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The allyl phosphonic acid was incorporated onto calcium phosphate using a wet chemical coprecipitation synthesis route. The resulting 'grafted' CAP was characterised using FTIR coupled with photoacoustic sampling, and Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy (FTR). The spectroscopic data suggest an interaction between the allyl phosphonic acid and calcium phosphate resulting from observed reductions in intensity of the hydroxyl (3570 cm-1) and phosphate V3 (1030 cm-1) peaks. The continued presence of C=C functionality on the surface of the grafted CAP was indicated by FTIR and FTR spectra (peaks at 1650 and 1635 cm-1 respectively) and confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). On the basis of these results, it is concluded that grafted CAP may be used to produce a chemically bonded composite with superior mechanical properties. © 2005 Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining.