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Systematic linearisation of a microfluidic gradient network with unequal solution inlet viscosities demonstrated using glycerol

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Systematic linearisation of a microfluidic gradient network with unequal solution inlet viscosities demonstrated using glycerol. / Yusuf, Hayat Abdulla; Baldock, Sara J.; Fielden, Peter R.; Goddard, Nick J.; Mohr, Stephan; Brown, Bernard J. Treves.

In: Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, Vol. 8, No. 5, 05.2010, p. 587-598.

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Yusuf, Hayat Abdulla ; Baldock, Sara J. ; Fielden, Peter R. ; Goddard, Nick J. ; Mohr, Stephan ; Brown, Bernard J. Treves. / Systematic linearisation of a microfluidic gradient network with unequal solution inlet viscosities demonstrated using glycerol. In: Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. 2010 ; Vol. 8, No. 5. pp. 587-598.

Bibtex

@article{303d76d3687b45a8a26921e77b628f84,
title = "Systematic linearisation of a microfluidic gradient network with unequal solution inlet viscosities demonstrated using glycerol",
abstract = "This paper presents a mathematical and experimental study of the effect of inlet concentration (and therefore viscosity) of glycerol solutions on the performance of a microfluidic network. This was achieved with analytical modelling, implemented in MATLAB, and optical measurement of the entire concentration distribution of the network. A mathematical proposal to improve the linearity of the outlet profile is also implemented and successfully verified experimentally. The concentration gradients of a two inlet–six outlet (2–6) microfluidic network device were obtained with inlet solutions of 10–40 wt% glycerol and flow rates of up to 5 μl/s per inlet. The mathematical model developed gave a good agreement with the experimental results obtained. {\textquoteleft}S{\textquoteright} shaped outlet profiles were obtained for the four glycerol cases studied and the closest results to the model were achieved at an optimised flow rate of 1μl/s for 10 wt% glycerol, 5 μl/s for both 20 and 30 wt% glycerol and 1.5 μl/s for 40 wt% glycerol. The linearity of the outlet profiles for the 20, 30 and 40 wt% inlet glycerol experiments were improved from R 2 of 0.977, 0.946 and 0.966, respectively (before linearisation) to their new values of 0.997, 0.995 and 0.974, respectively (after the linearisation). This was performed by application of the mathematical model, at controlled inlet flow rate ratios of 0.77, 0.63 and 0.52 with respect to the viscous inlet, for 20, 30 and 40 wt% glycerol experiments, again with very good agreement of the outlet performance between the experimental and the mathematical results.",
keywords = "Linear concentration gradient, Viscous inlets, Glycerol, Optical detection, Microfluidic device, Microfabrication",
author = "Yusuf, {Hayat Abdulla} and Baldock, {Sara J.} and Fielden, {Peter R.} and Goddard, {Nick J.} and Stephan Mohr and Brown, {Bernard J. Treves}",
year = "2010",
month = may,
doi = "10.1007/s10404-009-0489-3",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "587--598",
journal = "Microfluidics and Nanofluidics",
issn = "1613-4982",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Systematic linearisation of a microfluidic gradient network with unequal solution inlet viscosities demonstrated using glycerol

AU - Yusuf, Hayat Abdulla

AU - Baldock, Sara J.

AU - Fielden, Peter R.

AU - Goddard, Nick J.

AU - Mohr, Stephan

AU - Brown, Bernard J. Treves

PY - 2010/5

Y1 - 2010/5

N2 - This paper presents a mathematical and experimental study of the effect of inlet concentration (and therefore viscosity) of glycerol solutions on the performance of a microfluidic network. This was achieved with analytical modelling, implemented in MATLAB, and optical measurement of the entire concentration distribution of the network. A mathematical proposal to improve the linearity of the outlet profile is also implemented and successfully verified experimentally. The concentration gradients of a two inlet–six outlet (2–6) microfluidic network device were obtained with inlet solutions of 10–40 wt% glycerol and flow rates of up to 5 μl/s per inlet. The mathematical model developed gave a good agreement with the experimental results obtained. ‘S’ shaped outlet profiles were obtained for the four glycerol cases studied and the closest results to the model were achieved at an optimised flow rate of 1μl/s for 10 wt% glycerol, 5 μl/s for both 20 and 30 wt% glycerol and 1.5 μl/s for 40 wt% glycerol. The linearity of the outlet profiles for the 20, 30 and 40 wt% inlet glycerol experiments were improved from R 2 of 0.977, 0.946 and 0.966, respectively (before linearisation) to their new values of 0.997, 0.995 and 0.974, respectively (after the linearisation). This was performed by application of the mathematical model, at controlled inlet flow rate ratios of 0.77, 0.63 and 0.52 with respect to the viscous inlet, for 20, 30 and 40 wt% glycerol experiments, again with very good agreement of the outlet performance between the experimental and the mathematical results.

AB - This paper presents a mathematical and experimental study of the effect of inlet concentration (and therefore viscosity) of glycerol solutions on the performance of a microfluidic network. This was achieved with analytical modelling, implemented in MATLAB, and optical measurement of the entire concentration distribution of the network. A mathematical proposal to improve the linearity of the outlet profile is also implemented and successfully verified experimentally. The concentration gradients of a two inlet–six outlet (2–6) microfluidic network device were obtained with inlet solutions of 10–40 wt% glycerol and flow rates of up to 5 μl/s per inlet. The mathematical model developed gave a good agreement with the experimental results obtained. ‘S’ shaped outlet profiles were obtained for the four glycerol cases studied and the closest results to the model were achieved at an optimised flow rate of 1μl/s for 10 wt% glycerol, 5 μl/s for both 20 and 30 wt% glycerol and 1.5 μl/s for 40 wt% glycerol. The linearity of the outlet profiles for the 20, 30 and 40 wt% inlet glycerol experiments were improved from R 2 of 0.977, 0.946 and 0.966, respectively (before linearisation) to their new values of 0.997, 0.995 and 0.974, respectively (after the linearisation). This was performed by application of the mathematical model, at controlled inlet flow rate ratios of 0.77, 0.63 and 0.52 with respect to the viscous inlet, for 20, 30 and 40 wt% glycerol experiments, again with very good agreement of the outlet performance between the experimental and the mathematical results.

KW - Linear concentration gradient

KW - Viscous inlets

KW - Glycerol

KW - Optical detection

KW - Microfluidic device

KW - Microfabrication

U2 - 10.1007/s10404-009-0489-3

DO - 10.1007/s10404-009-0489-3

M3 - Journal article

VL - 8

SP - 587

EP - 598

JO - Microfluidics and Nanofluidics

JF - Microfluidics and Nanofluidics

SN - 1613-4982

IS - 5

ER -