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Tectonic Evolution of the Pamir Recorded in the Western Tarim Basin (China): Sedimentologic and Magnetostratigraphic Analyses of the Aertashi Section

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Tectonic Evolution of the Pamir Recorded in the Western Tarim Basin (China) : Sedimentologic and Magnetostratigraphic Analyses of the Aertashi Section. / Blayney, T.; Dupont-Nivet, G.; Najman, Y. et al.

In: Tectonics, Vol. 38, No. 2, 01.02.2019, p. 492-515.

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Blayney T, Dupont-Nivet G, Najman Y, Proust J-N, Meijer N, Roperch P et al. Tectonic Evolution of the Pamir Recorded in the Western Tarim Basin (China): Sedimentologic and Magnetostratigraphic Analyses of the Aertashi Section. Tectonics. 2019 Feb 1;38(2):492-515. Epub 2019 Jan 8. doi: 10.1029/2018TC005146

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@article{cdbf8cc65945404f8ab1468e30b58b34,
title = "Tectonic Evolution of the Pamir Recorded in the Western Tarim Basin (China): Sedimentologic and Magnetostratigraphic Analyses of the Aertashi Section",
abstract = "The northward indentation of the Pamir salient into the Tarim basin at the western syntaxis of the India-Asia collision zone is the focus of controversial models linking lithospheric to surface and atmospheric processes. Here we report on tectonic events recorded in the most complete and best-dated sedimentary sequences from the western Tarim basin flanking the eastern Pamir (the Aertashi section), based on sedimentologic, provenance, and magnetostratigraphic analyses. Increased tectonic subsidence and a shift from marine to continental fluvio-deltaic deposition at 41 Ma indicate that far-field deformation from the south started to affect the Tarim region. A sediment accumulation hiatus from 24.3 to 21.6 Ma followed by deposition of proximal conglomerates is linked to fault propagation into the Tarim basin. From 21.6 to 15.0 Ma, increasing accumulation rates of fining upward clastics is interpreted as the expression of a major dextral transtensional system linking the Kunlun to the Tian Shan ahead of the northward Pamir indentation. At 15.0 Ma, the appearance of North Pamir-sourced conglomerates followed at 11 Ma by Central Pamir-sourced volcanics coincides with a shift to E-W compression, clockwise vertical-axis rotations and the onset of growth strata associated with the activation of the local east vergent Qimugen thrust wedge. Together, this enables us to interpret that Pamir indentation into Tarim had started by 24.3 Ma, reached the study location by 15.0 Ma and had passed it by 11 Ma, providing kinematic constraints on proposed tectonic models involving intracontinental subduction and delamination.",
keywords = "Cenozoic, India-Asia collision, paleomagnetism, Pamir, sedimentology, Tarim basin, Deposition, Geomagnetism, Sedimentology, Tarim Basin, Tectonics",
author = "T. Blayney and G. Dupont-Nivet and Y. Najman and J.-N. Proust and N. Meijer and P. Roperch and E.R. Sobel and I. Millar and Z. Guo",
year = "2019",
month = feb,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1029/2018TC005146",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "492--515",
journal = "Tectonics",
issn = "0278-7407",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tectonic Evolution of the Pamir Recorded in the Western Tarim Basin (China)

T2 - Sedimentologic and Magnetostratigraphic Analyses of the Aertashi Section

AU - Blayney, T.

AU - Dupont-Nivet, G.

AU - Najman, Y.

AU - Proust, J.-N.

AU - Meijer, N.

AU - Roperch, P.

AU - Sobel, E.R.

AU - Millar, I.

AU - Guo, Z.

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - The northward indentation of the Pamir salient into the Tarim basin at the western syntaxis of the India-Asia collision zone is the focus of controversial models linking lithospheric to surface and atmospheric processes. Here we report on tectonic events recorded in the most complete and best-dated sedimentary sequences from the western Tarim basin flanking the eastern Pamir (the Aertashi section), based on sedimentologic, provenance, and magnetostratigraphic analyses. Increased tectonic subsidence and a shift from marine to continental fluvio-deltaic deposition at 41 Ma indicate that far-field deformation from the south started to affect the Tarim region. A sediment accumulation hiatus from 24.3 to 21.6 Ma followed by deposition of proximal conglomerates is linked to fault propagation into the Tarim basin. From 21.6 to 15.0 Ma, increasing accumulation rates of fining upward clastics is interpreted as the expression of a major dextral transtensional system linking the Kunlun to the Tian Shan ahead of the northward Pamir indentation. At 15.0 Ma, the appearance of North Pamir-sourced conglomerates followed at 11 Ma by Central Pamir-sourced volcanics coincides with a shift to E-W compression, clockwise vertical-axis rotations and the onset of growth strata associated with the activation of the local east vergent Qimugen thrust wedge. Together, this enables us to interpret that Pamir indentation into Tarim had started by 24.3 Ma, reached the study location by 15.0 Ma and had passed it by 11 Ma, providing kinematic constraints on proposed tectonic models involving intracontinental subduction and delamination.

AB - The northward indentation of the Pamir salient into the Tarim basin at the western syntaxis of the India-Asia collision zone is the focus of controversial models linking lithospheric to surface and atmospheric processes. Here we report on tectonic events recorded in the most complete and best-dated sedimentary sequences from the western Tarim basin flanking the eastern Pamir (the Aertashi section), based on sedimentologic, provenance, and magnetostratigraphic analyses. Increased tectonic subsidence and a shift from marine to continental fluvio-deltaic deposition at 41 Ma indicate that far-field deformation from the south started to affect the Tarim region. A sediment accumulation hiatus from 24.3 to 21.6 Ma followed by deposition of proximal conglomerates is linked to fault propagation into the Tarim basin. From 21.6 to 15.0 Ma, increasing accumulation rates of fining upward clastics is interpreted as the expression of a major dextral transtensional system linking the Kunlun to the Tian Shan ahead of the northward Pamir indentation. At 15.0 Ma, the appearance of North Pamir-sourced conglomerates followed at 11 Ma by Central Pamir-sourced volcanics coincides with a shift to E-W compression, clockwise vertical-axis rotations and the onset of growth strata associated with the activation of the local east vergent Qimugen thrust wedge. Together, this enables us to interpret that Pamir indentation into Tarim had started by 24.3 Ma, reached the study location by 15.0 Ma and had passed it by 11 Ma, providing kinematic constraints on proposed tectonic models involving intracontinental subduction and delamination.

KW - Cenozoic

KW - India-Asia collision

KW - paleomagnetism

KW - Pamir

KW - sedimentology

KW - Tarim basin

KW - Deposition

KW - Geomagnetism

KW - Sedimentology

KW - Tarim Basin

KW - Tectonics

U2 - 10.1029/2018TC005146

DO - 10.1029/2018TC005146

M3 - Journal article

VL - 38

SP - 492

EP - 515

JO - Tectonics

JF - Tectonics

SN - 0278-7407

IS - 2

ER -