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Testing an integrated model of the work-family interface in Chinese employees: a longitudinal study

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>03/2015
<mark>Journal</mark>Asian Journal of Social Psychology
Issue number1
Volume18
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)12-21
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date11/07/14
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine an integrated model of the work–family interface (WFI) linking work–family demands (workload and family conflict), resources (supervisory support and family support) and role satisfaction in a Chinese context. The four-factor structure of WFI comprises direction of influence (work to family vs family to work) and types of effect (work–family conflict vs work–family enrichment). A longitudinal design was used to collect data from 409 Chinese employees at three time points, separating measures of antecedents (T1), WFI (T2) and outcomes (T3) in time. The results based on structural equation modelling (SEM) reveal that: (1) the direction and types of effect were two underlying dimensions of the WFI, supporting the four-factor structure; (2) demands were more strongly related to conflict, while resources were more strongly related to enrichment; (3) work–family conflict and enrichment were related to role satisfaction, regardless of the direction of influence.