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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Nuclear Materials. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Nuclear Materials, 504, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.02.034

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The defect chemistry of UO2±x from atomistic simulations

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The defect chemistry of UO2±x from atomistic simulations. / Cooper, M.W.D.; Murphy, S.T.; Andersson, D.A.

In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 504, 06.2018, p. 251-260.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Cooper, MWD, Murphy, ST & Andersson, DA 2018, 'The defect chemistry of UO2±x from atomistic simulations', Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 504, pp. 251-260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.02.034

APA

Cooper, M. W. D., Murphy, S. T., & Andersson, D. A. (2018). The defect chemistry of UO2±x from atomistic simulations. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 504, 251-260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.02.034

Vancouver

Cooper MWD, Murphy ST, Andersson DA. The defect chemistry of UO2±x from atomistic simulations. Journal of Nuclear Materials. 2018 Jun;504:251-260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.02.034

Author

Cooper, M.W.D. ; Murphy, S.T. ; Andersson, D.A. / The defect chemistry of UO2±x from atomistic simulations. In: Journal of Nuclear Materials. 2018 ; Vol. 504. pp. 251-260.

Bibtex

@article{7e06e784c49246d1bab8b8da69ab0ad6,
title = "The defect chemistry of UO2±x from atomistic simulations",
abstract = "Control of the defect chemistry in UO2±x is important for manipulating nuclear fuel properties and fuel performance. For example, the uranium vacancy concentration is critical for fission gas release and sintering, while all oxygen and uranium defects are known to strongly influence thermal conductivity. Here the point defect concentrations in thermal equilibrium are predicted using defect energies from density functional theory (DFT) and vibrational entropies calculated using empirical potentials. Electrons and holes have been treated in a similar fashion to other charged defects allowing for structural relaxation around the localized electronic defects. Predictions are made for the defect concentrations and non-stoichiometry of UO2±x as a function of oxygen partial pressure and temperature. If vibrational entropy is omitted, oxygen interstitials are predicted to be the dominant mechanism of excess oxygen accommodation over only a small temperature range (1265 K–1350 K), in contrast to experimental observation. Conversely, if vibrational entropy is included oxygen interstitials dominate from 1165 K to 1680 K (Busker potential) or from 1275 K to 1630 K (CRG potential). Below these temperature ranges excess oxygen is predicted to be accommodated by uranium vacancies, while above them the system is hypo-stoichiometric with oxygen deficiency accommodated by oxygen vacancies. Our results are discussed in the context of oxygen clustering, formation of U4O9, and issues for fuel behavior. In particular, the variation of the uranium vacancy concentrations as a function of temperature and oxygen partial pressure will underpin future studies into fission gas diffusivity and broaden the understanding of UO2±x sintering.",
author = "M.W.D. Cooper and S.T. Murphy and D.A. Andersson",
note = "This is the author{\textquoteright}s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Nuclear Materials. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Nuclear Materials, 504, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.02.034",
year = "2018",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.02.034",
language = "English",
volume = "504",
pages = "251--260",
journal = "Journal of Nuclear Materials",
issn = "0022-3115",
publisher = "Elsevier Science B.V.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The defect chemistry of UO2±x from atomistic simulations

AU - Cooper, M.W.D.

AU - Murphy, S.T.

AU - Andersson, D.A.

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Nuclear Materials. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Nuclear Materials, 504, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.02.034

PY - 2018/6

Y1 - 2018/6

N2 - Control of the defect chemistry in UO2±x is important for manipulating nuclear fuel properties and fuel performance. For example, the uranium vacancy concentration is critical for fission gas release and sintering, while all oxygen and uranium defects are known to strongly influence thermal conductivity. Here the point defect concentrations in thermal equilibrium are predicted using defect energies from density functional theory (DFT) and vibrational entropies calculated using empirical potentials. Electrons and holes have been treated in a similar fashion to other charged defects allowing for structural relaxation around the localized electronic defects. Predictions are made for the defect concentrations and non-stoichiometry of UO2±x as a function of oxygen partial pressure and temperature. If vibrational entropy is omitted, oxygen interstitials are predicted to be the dominant mechanism of excess oxygen accommodation over only a small temperature range (1265 K–1350 K), in contrast to experimental observation. Conversely, if vibrational entropy is included oxygen interstitials dominate from 1165 K to 1680 K (Busker potential) or from 1275 K to 1630 K (CRG potential). Below these temperature ranges excess oxygen is predicted to be accommodated by uranium vacancies, while above them the system is hypo-stoichiometric with oxygen deficiency accommodated by oxygen vacancies. Our results are discussed in the context of oxygen clustering, formation of U4O9, and issues for fuel behavior. In particular, the variation of the uranium vacancy concentrations as a function of temperature and oxygen partial pressure will underpin future studies into fission gas diffusivity and broaden the understanding of UO2±x sintering.

AB - Control of the defect chemistry in UO2±x is important for manipulating nuclear fuel properties and fuel performance. For example, the uranium vacancy concentration is critical for fission gas release and sintering, while all oxygen and uranium defects are known to strongly influence thermal conductivity. Here the point defect concentrations in thermal equilibrium are predicted using defect energies from density functional theory (DFT) and vibrational entropies calculated using empirical potentials. Electrons and holes have been treated in a similar fashion to other charged defects allowing for structural relaxation around the localized electronic defects. Predictions are made for the defect concentrations and non-stoichiometry of UO2±x as a function of oxygen partial pressure and temperature. If vibrational entropy is omitted, oxygen interstitials are predicted to be the dominant mechanism of excess oxygen accommodation over only a small temperature range (1265 K–1350 K), in contrast to experimental observation. Conversely, if vibrational entropy is included oxygen interstitials dominate from 1165 K to 1680 K (Busker potential) or from 1275 K to 1630 K (CRG potential). Below these temperature ranges excess oxygen is predicted to be accommodated by uranium vacancies, while above them the system is hypo-stoichiometric with oxygen deficiency accommodated by oxygen vacancies. Our results are discussed in the context of oxygen clustering, formation of U4O9, and issues for fuel behavior. In particular, the variation of the uranium vacancy concentrations as a function of temperature and oxygen partial pressure will underpin future studies into fission gas diffusivity and broaden the understanding of UO2±x sintering.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.02.034

DO - 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.02.034

M3 - Journal article

VL - 504

SP - 251

EP - 260

JO - Journal of Nuclear Materials

JF - Journal of Nuclear Materials

SN - 0022-3115

ER -