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The expansion of the Kingdom of Strathclyde

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/02/2015
<mark>Journal</mark>Early Medieval Europe
Issue number1
Number of pages46
Pages (from-to)43-88
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date22/01/15
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The kingdom of Strathclyde was focused on the Clyde valley and ruled by a Brittonic-speaking dynasty. Historians have traditionally argued that the kingdom expanded southwards in the early tenth century, with the result that there was a revival of Brittonic language. Several scholars have recently challenged this interpretation, but in this article I defend the view that Strathclyde expanded southwards, and I propose a new model for the process. I argue that the kings of Strathclyde took submissions from the local nobility, who included Northumbrian and Gaelic-Scandinavian magnates. This accounts for the multicultural nature of the kingdom in its heyday.