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  • Najman et al Tectonics 2018

    Rights statement: Accepted for publication in Tectonics. Copyright 2018 American Geophysical Union. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.

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The Late Eocene-Early Miocene unconformities of the NW Indian Intraplate basins and Himalayan foreland: a record of tectonics or mantle dynamics?

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The Late Eocene-Early Miocene unconformities of the NW Indian Intraplate basins and Himalayan foreland : a record of tectonics or mantle dynamics? / Najman, Yanina Manya Rachel; Burley, Stuart; Copley, Alex; Kelly, Michael; Mishra, Premanand; Pander, Kaushal.

In: Tectonics, Vol. 37, No. 10, 10.2018, p. 3970-3985.

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Najman, Yanina Manya Rachel ; Burley, Stuart ; Copley, Alex ; Kelly, Michael ; Mishra, Premanand ; Pander, Kaushal. / The Late Eocene-Early Miocene unconformities of the NW Indian Intraplate basins and Himalayan foreland : a record of tectonics or mantle dynamics?. In: Tectonics. 2018 ; Vol. 37, No. 10. pp. 3970-3985.

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@article{b5684e959f0b4d8b9495f874d30c9c64,
title = "The Late Eocene-Early Miocene unconformities of the NW Indian Intraplate basins and Himalayan foreland: a record of tectonics or mantle dynamics?",
abstract = "A well-developed Late Eocene to Miocene unconformity, termed the Base Miocene Unconformity (BMU), is found throughout the intraplate basins of north-western India, and has previously been ascribed to Himalayan tectonics. This hypothesis is investigated by first describing the nature and age of the BMU in the northwest Indian intraplate basins, and then reconstructing the location of the BMU relative to the Himalayan deformation front at the time it formed. We suggest that formation of the BMU in western India cannot be related to Himalayan tectonic processes associated with plate loading and flexure unless the Indian plate had an elastic thickness of >125 km, which is highly unlikely. Furthermore, the resumption of deposition post-unconformity rules out inversion due to compression associated with India-Asia convergence as a cause, as these compressive forces are still present. We note the coeval nature of the unconformity in the NW Indian plate intraplate basins and the Himalayan peripheral foreland basin. If the unconformities of the Himalayan peripheral foreland basin and the NW Indian intraplate basins formed by a common process, uplift due to circulation in the mantle is the only possible regional-scale mechanism. Such circulation could be the result of the intrinsically time-dependent high-Rayleigh number convection in the mantle, which has resulted in well-documented unconformities elsewhere, or be the result of subducting slab break-off beneath the Himalaya.",
keywords = "Barmer Basin, base Miocene unconformity (BMU), flexural modeling, Himalayan foreland basin, mantle dynamics, NW Indian plate intraplate basins, Geophysics, Foreland basin, Indian plate, Mantle dynamics, Miocene, Tectonics",
author = "Najman, {Yanina Manya Rachel} and Stuart Burley and Alex Copley and Michael Kelly and Premanand Mishra and Kaushal Pander",
note = "Accepted for publication in Tectonics. Copyright 2018 American Geophysical Union. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.",
year = "2018",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1029/2018TC005286",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "3970--3985",
journal = "Tectonics",
issn = "0278-7407",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Late Eocene-Early Miocene unconformities of the NW Indian Intraplate basins and Himalayan foreland

T2 - a record of tectonics or mantle dynamics?

AU - Najman, Yanina Manya Rachel

AU - Burley, Stuart

AU - Copley, Alex

AU - Kelly, Michael

AU - Mishra, Premanand

AU - Pander, Kaushal

N1 - Accepted for publication in Tectonics. Copyright 2018 American Geophysical Union. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.

PY - 2018/10

Y1 - 2018/10

N2 - A well-developed Late Eocene to Miocene unconformity, termed the Base Miocene Unconformity (BMU), is found throughout the intraplate basins of north-western India, and has previously been ascribed to Himalayan tectonics. This hypothesis is investigated by first describing the nature and age of the BMU in the northwest Indian intraplate basins, and then reconstructing the location of the BMU relative to the Himalayan deformation front at the time it formed. We suggest that formation of the BMU in western India cannot be related to Himalayan tectonic processes associated with plate loading and flexure unless the Indian plate had an elastic thickness of >125 km, which is highly unlikely. Furthermore, the resumption of deposition post-unconformity rules out inversion due to compression associated with India-Asia convergence as a cause, as these compressive forces are still present. We note the coeval nature of the unconformity in the NW Indian plate intraplate basins and the Himalayan peripheral foreland basin. If the unconformities of the Himalayan peripheral foreland basin and the NW Indian intraplate basins formed by a common process, uplift due to circulation in the mantle is the only possible regional-scale mechanism. Such circulation could be the result of the intrinsically time-dependent high-Rayleigh number convection in the mantle, which has resulted in well-documented unconformities elsewhere, or be the result of subducting slab break-off beneath the Himalaya.

AB - A well-developed Late Eocene to Miocene unconformity, termed the Base Miocene Unconformity (BMU), is found throughout the intraplate basins of north-western India, and has previously been ascribed to Himalayan tectonics. This hypothesis is investigated by first describing the nature and age of the BMU in the northwest Indian intraplate basins, and then reconstructing the location of the BMU relative to the Himalayan deformation front at the time it formed. We suggest that formation of the BMU in western India cannot be related to Himalayan tectonic processes associated with plate loading and flexure unless the Indian plate had an elastic thickness of >125 km, which is highly unlikely. Furthermore, the resumption of deposition post-unconformity rules out inversion due to compression associated with India-Asia convergence as a cause, as these compressive forces are still present. We note the coeval nature of the unconformity in the NW Indian plate intraplate basins and the Himalayan peripheral foreland basin. If the unconformities of the Himalayan peripheral foreland basin and the NW Indian intraplate basins formed by a common process, uplift due to circulation in the mantle is the only possible regional-scale mechanism. Such circulation could be the result of the intrinsically time-dependent high-Rayleigh number convection in the mantle, which has resulted in well-documented unconformities elsewhere, or be the result of subducting slab break-off beneath the Himalaya.

KW - Barmer Basin

KW - base Miocene unconformity (BMU)

KW - flexural modeling

KW - Himalayan foreland basin

KW - mantle dynamics

KW - NW Indian plate intraplate basins

KW - Geophysics

KW - Foreland basin

KW - Indian plate

KW - Mantle dynamics

KW - Miocene

KW - Tectonics

U2 - 10.1029/2018TC005286

DO - 10.1029/2018TC005286

M3 - Journal article

VL - 37

SP - 3970

EP - 3985

JO - Tectonics

JF - Tectonics

SN - 0278-7407

IS - 10

ER -