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The Non-Sovereign Territories: Economic & Environmental Challenges of Sectoral & Geographic Over-Specialisation in Tourism & Financial Services

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E-pub ahead of print
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>3/04/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>European Urban and Regional Studies
Publication StatusE-pub ahead of print
Early online date3/04/21
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

This paper analyses the economic and geographic characteristics of the world’s principal non-sovereign territories in the context of the growth challenges facing small economies. These territories enjoy high degrees of policy autonomy within a complex array of relationship with their metropolitan countries. The territories’ distinct economic and geographic characteristics, notably small size and remoteness, have led to their adopting similar niche sectoral growth strategies to those of small sovereign states and a reliance upon tourism and financial services. In spite of the growth challenges faced, most of these territories have attained high levels of per capita gross national income (GNI), placing them in the World Bank High Income category. Global heating, economic crises and regional environmental shocks along with growing international protectionist sentiments however, raise critical questions regarding the continued viability of their traditional growth strategies, particularly their heavy reliance upon environmentally-harmful long-haul air travel and cruise tourism. This paper bridges the gap between large-scale growth studies, which generally overlook non-sovereign entities, and single case-studies to examine the determinants of the growth success of non-sovereign territories and their future growth challenges given the pressing need for both economic and environmental sustainability.