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The normalized topographic method: an automated procedure for gully mapping using GIS

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The normalized topographic method : an automated procedure for gully mapping using GIS. / Castillo, Carlos; Taguas, Encarnación V.; James, Michael; Zarco-Tejada, P; Gómez, José A.

In: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 39, No. 15, 12.2014, p. 2002-2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Castillo, C, Taguas, EV, James, M, Zarco-Tejada, P & Gómez, JA 2014, 'The normalized topographic method: an automated procedure for gully mapping using GIS', Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, vol. 39, no. 15, pp. 2002-2015. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3595

APA

Castillo, C., Taguas, E. V., James, M., Zarco-Tejada, P., & Gómez, J. A. (2014). The normalized topographic method: an automated procedure for gully mapping using GIS. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 39(15), 2002-2015. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3595

Vancouver

Castillo C, Taguas EV, James M, Zarco-Tejada P, Gómez JA. The normalized topographic method: an automated procedure for gully mapping using GIS. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 2014 Dec;39(15):2002-2015. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3595

Author

Castillo, Carlos ; Taguas, Encarnación V. ; James, Michael ; Zarco-Tejada, P ; Gómez, José A. / The normalized topographic method : an automated procedure for gully mapping using GIS. In: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 2014 ; Vol. 39, No. 15. pp. 2002-2015.

Bibtex

@article{fab85cd323224cb998038c562acc0817,
title = "The normalized topographic method: an automated procedure for gully mapping using GIS",
abstract = "Gully delineation is a critical aspect of accurately determining soil losses but associated methodologies are rarely detailed. Here, we describe a new gully mapping method, the normalized topographic method (NorToM), based on processing digital elevation model (DEM) data, and we assess associated errors when it is applied over a range of geomorphological scales. The NorToM is underpinned by two gully detection variables (normalized slope and elevation) calculated over local windows of prescribed size, and a group of filtering variables. For four study sites, DEMs of gullies were obtained using field and airborne photo-reconstruction and evaluated using total station and differential global positioning system (dGPS) survey. NorToM provided accurate areal and volume estimates at the individual gully scale but differences increased at the larger gully system and gully network scales. We were able to identify optimal parameters for using the NorToM approach and so confirm that is represents a useful scale-independent means of gully mapping that is likely to be valid in other environments. Its main limitations are that the normalization process might be time-consuming at regional scales and the need for a fixed window size when applied to landforms with extreme variations in dimensions.",
keywords = "gully erosion, mapping, resolution, GIS, photo-reconstruction, DEM",
author = "Carlos Castillo and Taguas, {Encarnaci{\'o}n V.} and Michael James and P Zarco-Tejada and G{\'o}mez, {Jos{\'e} A.}",
year = "2014",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1002/esp.3595",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "2002--2015",
journal = "Earth Surface Processes and Landforms",
issn = "0197-9337",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "15",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The normalized topographic method

T2 - an automated procedure for gully mapping using GIS

AU - Castillo, Carlos

AU - Taguas, Encarnación V.

AU - James, Michael

AU - Zarco-Tejada, P

AU - Gómez, José A.

PY - 2014/12

Y1 - 2014/12

N2 - Gully delineation is a critical aspect of accurately determining soil losses but associated methodologies are rarely detailed. Here, we describe a new gully mapping method, the normalized topographic method (NorToM), based on processing digital elevation model (DEM) data, and we assess associated errors when it is applied over a range of geomorphological scales. The NorToM is underpinned by two gully detection variables (normalized slope and elevation) calculated over local windows of prescribed size, and a group of filtering variables. For four study sites, DEMs of gullies were obtained using field and airborne photo-reconstruction and evaluated using total station and differential global positioning system (dGPS) survey. NorToM provided accurate areal and volume estimates at the individual gully scale but differences increased at the larger gully system and gully network scales. We were able to identify optimal parameters for using the NorToM approach and so confirm that is represents a useful scale-independent means of gully mapping that is likely to be valid in other environments. Its main limitations are that the normalization process might be time-consuming at regional scales and the need for a fixed window size when applied to landforms with extreme variations in dimensions.

AB - Gully delineation is a critical aspect of accurately determining soil losses but associated methodologies are rarely detailed. Here, we describe a new gully mapping method, the normalized topographic method (NorToM), based on processing digital elevation model (DEM) data, and we assess associated errors when it is applied over a range of geomorphological scales. The NorToM is underpinned by two gully detection variables (normalized slope and elevation) calculated over local windows of prescribed size, and a group of filtering variables. For four study sites, DEMs of gullies were obtained using field and airborne photo-reconstruction and evaluated using total station and differential global positioning system (dGPS) survey. NorToM provided accurate areal and volume estimates at the individual gully scale but differences increased at the larger gully system and gully network scales. We were able to identify optimal parameters for using the NorToM approach and so confirm that is represents a useful scale-independent means of gully mapping that is likely to be valid in other environments. Its main limitations are that the normalization process might be time-consuming at regional scales and the need for a fixed window size when applied to landforms with extreme variations in dimensions.

KW - gully erosion

KW - mapping

KW - resolution

KW - GIS

KW - photo-reconstruction

KW - DEM

U2 - 10.1002/esp.3595

DO - 10.1002/esp.3595

M3 - Journal article

VL - 39

SP - 2002

EP - 2015

JO - Earth Surface Processes and Landforms

JF - Earth Surface Processes and Landforms

SN - 0197-9337

IS - 15

ER -