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The Novel DA-CH3 Dual Incretin Restores Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and Autophagy Impairments to Attenuate Alzheimer-Like Pathology and Cognitive Decrements in the APPSWE/PS1ΔE9 Mouse Model

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>16/10/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
Issue number1
Number of pages24
Pages (from-to)195-218
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Alzheimer's disease (AD) afflicts more than 46.8 million people worldwide, with a newly diagnosed case every 3 seconds and no remission in the disease progression. The discovery of disease-modifying drugs is now on the summit of the neuropharmacological research priorities. The long-lasting derivatives of the insulinotropic incretin hormones-glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP)-have repeatedly been shown to cross the blood-brain barrier and counteract an array of deleterious effects across a range of experimental models of neuronal degeneration. Clinical trials for the efficacy of GLP-1 agonists in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases have revealed beneficial effects of these anti-diabetic agents in halting neuronal degeneration progression. Herein, we examine whether the chronic treatment with the novel dual GLP-1/GIP receptor agonist DA-CH3 can restore the cognitive decline and AD-like cerebral pathology of the APPSWE/PS1ΔE9 mouse model at the age of 10 months old. We report that once-a-daily, eight-week intraperitoneal administration of 25 nmol/kg of the novel DA-CH3 dual-incretin analog rescues the spatial acquisition and memory impairments of this murine model that corresponds to the attenuation of the excessive plaque deposition, gliosis and synaptic damage in the APPSWE/PS1ΔE9 brain. The amelioration of the AD-related pathology reflects the resolution of the endoplasmic-reticulum stress and derailed autophagy that both lay downstream of the rectified Akt signaling. Collectively, our findings endorse the beneficial effects of the incretin-based therapeutic approaches for the neurotrophic support of the AD brain and for the first time associate the incretin-induced neuroprotection with the proteostasis machinery in vivo.