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The projection and measurement of cyberpower

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The projection and measurement of cyberpower. / Venables, Adrian; Shaikh, Siraj; Shuttleworth, James.

In: Security Journal, Vol. 30, No. 3, 20.07.2017, p. 1000-1011.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Venables, A, Shaikh, S & Shuttleworth, J 2017, 'The projection and measurement of cyberpower', Security Journal, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 1000-1011. https://doi.org/10.1057/sj.2015.35

APA

Venables, A., Shaikh, S., & Shuttleworth, J. (2017). The projection and measurement of cyberpower. Security Journal, 30(3), 1000-1011. https://doi.org/10.1057/sj.2015.35

Vancouver

Venables A, Shaikh S, Shuttleworth J. The projection and measurement of cyberpower. Security Journal. 2017 Jul 20;30(3):1000-1011. https://doi.org/10.1057/sj.2015.35

Author

Venables, Adrian ; Shaikh, Siraj ; Shuttleworth, James. / The projection and measurement of cyberpower. In: Security Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 30, No. 3. pp. 1000-1011.

Bibtex

@article{56dc4f4b161c4b32968d78ad405a19f2,
title = "The projection and measurement of cyberpower",
abstract = "Cyberspace and cyberpower are terms that are increasingly used in common parlance, but are notoriously difficult to define and measure. This article builds on previous work defining the properties of cyberspace in terms of vertical layers, which when combined with a representation of distance presents a three-dimensional model. The unique attributes of cyberspace can be harnessed for power projection, the aim of which is ultimately to alter the behaviour of individuals. Although cyberspace has yet to be used as a medium to demonstrate conventional hard power of coercion and threats supported by physical force, it does present a suitable medium for the projection of soft power of attraction and imitation. These are defined within the context of the online environment and by drawing on the techniques used to optimise Web-based commerce, potential methods of implementing and measuring the success of a campaign of cyberpower projection are proposed.",
keywords = "cyberpower, soft power, social media , e-commerce , measures of effectiveness ",
author = "Adrian Venables and Siraj Shaikh and James Shuttleworth",
year = "2017",
month = jul,
day = "20",
doi = "10.1057/sj.2015.35",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "1000--1011",
journal = "Security Journal",
issn = "0955-1662",
publisher = "Palgrave Macmillan Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The projection and measurement of cyberpower

AU - Venables, Adrian

AU - Shaikh, Siraj

AU - Shuttleworth, James

PY - 2017/7/20

Y1 - 2017/7/20

N2 - Cyberspace and cyberpower are terms that are increasingly used in common parlance, but are notoriously difficult to define and measure. This article builds on previous work defining the properties of cyberspace in terms of vertical layers, which when combined with a representation of distance presents a three-dimensional model. The unique attributes of cyberspace can be harnessed for power projection, the aim of which is ultimately to alter the behaviour of individuals. Although cyberspace has yet to be used as a medium to demonstrate conventional hard power of coercion and threats supported by physical force, it does present a suitable medium for the projection of soft power of attraction and imitation. These are defined within the context of the online environment and by drawing on the techniques used to optimise Web-based commerce, potential methods of implementing and measuring the success of a campaign of cyberpower projection are proposed.

AB - Cyberspace and cyberpower are terms that are increasingly used in common parlance, but are notoriously difficult to define and measure. This article builds on previous work defining the properties of cyberspace in terms of vertical layers, which when combined with a representation of distance presents a three-dimensional model. The unique attributes of cyberspace can be harnessed for power projection, the aim of which is ultimately to alter the behaviour of individuals. Although cyberspace has yet to be used as a medium to demonstrate conventional hard power of coercion and threats supported by physical force, it does present a suitable medium for the projection of soft power of attraction and imitation. These are defined within the context of the online environment and by drawing on the techniques used to optimise Web-based commerce, potential methods of implementing and measuring the success of a campaign of cyberpower projection are proposed.

KW - cyberpower

KW - soft power

KW - social media

KW - e-commerce

KW - measures of effectiveness

U2 - 10.1057/sj.2015.35

DO - 10.1057/sj.2015.35

M3 - Journal article

VL - 30

SP - 1000

EP - 1011

JO - Security Journal

JF - Security Journal

SN - 0955-1662

IS - 3

ER -