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The questionnaire about the process of recovery (QPR): a measurement tool developed in collaboration with service users

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • Sandra Neil
  • Liz Pitt
  • Martina Kilbride
  • Mary Welford
  • Sarah Nothard
  • William Sellwood
  • Tony Morrison
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2009
Issue number2
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)145-155
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Aims: To develop and validate a short recovery questionnaire in collaboration with service users.

Method: 126 people with experience of psychosis were recruited via the National Health Service (NHS) Trust and self‐help organisations nationwide. Items were generated from in‐depth interviews into recovery and developed into a 25‐item self‐report questionnaire. Data were factor analysed, and a final 22‐item measure (the QPR) was tested for reliability and validity. To assess validity the QPR was administered together with measures of: psychological distress (the General Health Questionnaire – GHQ); empowerment (the Making Decisions and Empowerment Scale – MDES), and quality of life (the Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale – SQLS). The QPR was administered again at two weeks to assess reliability.

Results: The QPR is comprised of two subscales (intrapersonal and interpersonal). Internal consistency and reliability of the scale was satisfactory. There was a high level of association with MDES, GHQ and SQLS scores, and between QPR scores at time one and time two.

Conclusions: The QPR possesses internal consistency, construct validity and reliability, and promises to be a useful tool for assisting clients to set goals, evaluation of these goals and promoting recovery from psychosis in routine service evaluation and research trials.