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The replacement of cadmium as a thermal neutron filter.

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The replacement of cadmium as a thermal neutron filter. / D'Mellow, Bob; Thomas, David J.; Joyce, Malcolm J. et al.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 577, No. 3, 07.2007, p. 690-695.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

D'Mellow, B, Thomas, DJ, Joyce, MJ, Kolkowski, P, Roberts, NJ & Monk, SD 2007, 'The replacement of cadmium as a thermal neutron filter.', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 577, no. 3, pp. 690-695. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2007.05.001

APA

D'Mellow, B., Thomas, D. J., Joyce, M. J., Kolkowski, P., Roberts, N. J., & Monk, S. D. (2007). The replacement of cadmium as a thermal neutron filter. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 577(3), 690-695. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2007.05.001

Vancouver

D'Mellow B, Thomas DJ, Joyce MJ, Kolkowski P, Roberts NJ, Monk SD. The replacement of cadmium as a thermal neutron filter. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 2007 Jul;577(3):690-695. doi: 10.1016/j.nima.2007.05.001

Author

D'Mellow, Bob ; Thomas, David J. ; Joyce, Malcolm J. et al. / The replacement of cadmium as a thermal neutron filter. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 2007 ; Vol. 577, No. 3. pp. 690-695.

Bibtex

@article{56e2f29b2f9f42b7af7ab353669797d2,
title = "The replacement of cadmium as a thermal neutron filter.",
abstract = "Cadmium is widely used where it is desirable to eliminate the thermal component of a neutron spectrum. However, with the restrictions on the use of cadmium in the European Union due to the recent European Union Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS), the inclusion of cadmium in instrumentation is becoming untenable. The work presented here examines a number of candidate materials in order to find a suitable replacement for cadmium. It is shown through the examination of cross-section data, MCNP modelling and experimental evaluation that flex-boron is suitable in some applications while gadolinium has absorption properties which are broadly similar to cadmium. However, it is clear that none of the candidates can quite equal to the performance of cadmium. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "thermal neutrons, shielding material, cadmium, gadolinium, RoHS directive",
author = "Bob D'Mellow and Thomas, {David J.} and Joyce, {Malcolm J.} and Peter Kolkowski and Roberts, {Neil J.} and Monk, {Stephen D.}",
year = "2007",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1016/j.nima.2007.05.001",
language = "English",
volume = "577",
pages = "690--695",
journal = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment",
issn = "0168-9002",
publisher = "ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The replacement of cadmium as a thermal neutron filter.

AU - D'Mellow, Bob

AU - Thomas, David J.

AU - Joyce, Malcolm J.

AU - Kolkowski, Peter

AU - Roberts, Neil J.

AU - Monk, Stephen D.

PY - 2007/7

Y1 - 2007/7

N2 - Cadmium is widely used where it is desirable to eliminate the thermal component of a neutron spectrum. However, with the restrictions on the use of cadmium in the European Union due to the recent European Union Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS), the inclusion of cadmium in instrumentation is becoming untenable. The work presented here examines a number of candidate materials in order to find a suitable replacement for cadmium. It is shown through the examination of cross-section data, MCNP modelling and experimental evaluation that flex-boron is suitable in some applications while gadolinium has absorption properties which are broadly similar to cadmium. However, it is clear that none of the candidates can quite equal to the performance of cadmium. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Cadmium is widely used where it is desirable to eliminate the thermal component of a neutron spectrum. However, with the restrictions on the use of cadmium in the European Union due to the recent European Union Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS), the inclusion of cadmium in instrumentation is becoming untenable. The work presented here examines a number of candidate materials in order to find a suitable replacement for cadmium. It is shown through the examination of cross-section data, MCNP modelling and experimental evaluation that flex-boron is suitable in some applications while gadolinium has absorption properties which are broadly similar to cadmium. However, it is clear that none of the candidates can quite equal to the performance of cadmium. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - thermal neutrons

KW - shielding material

KW - cadmium

KW - gadolinium

KW - RoHS directive

U2 - 10.1016/j.nima.2007.05.001

DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2007.05.001

M3 - Journal article

VL - 577

SP - 690

EP - 695

JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

SN - 0168-9002

IS - 3

ER -