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The role of nitrogen deposition in widespread plant community change across semi-natural habitats

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The role of nitrogen deposition in widespread plant community change across semi-natural habitats. / Field, Chris D.; Dise, Nancy B.; Payne, Richard J. et al.

In: Ecosystems, Vol. 17, No. 5, 08.2014, p. 864-877.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Field, CD, Dise, NB, Payne, RJ, Britton, AJ, Emmett, BA, Helliwell, RC, Hughes, S, Jones, L, Lees, S, Leake, JR, Leith, ID, Phoenix, GK, Power, SA, Sheppard, LJ, Southon, GE, Stevens, CJ & Caporn, SJM 2014, 'The role of nitrogen deposition in widespread plant community change across semi-natural habitats', Ecosystems, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 864-877. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-014-9765-5

APA

Field, C. D., Dise, N. B., Payne, R. J., Britton, A. J., Emmett, B. A., Helliwell, R. C., Hughes, S., Jones, L., Lees, S., Leake, J. R., Leith, I. D., Phoenix, G. K., Power, S. A., Sheppard, L. J., Southon, G. E., Stevens, C. J., & Caporn, S. J. M. (2014). The role of nitrogen deposition in widespread plant community change across semi-natural habitats. Ecosystems, 17(5), 864-877. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-014-9765-5

Vancouver

Field CD, Dise NB, Payne RJ, Britton AJ, Emmett BA, Helliwell RC et al. The role of nitrogen deposition in widespread plant community change across semi-natural habitats. Ecosystems. 2014 Aug;17(5):864-877. Epub 2014 Apr 29. doi: 10.1007/s10021-014-9765-5

Author

Field, Chris D. ; Dise, Nancy B. ; Payne, Richard J. et al. / The role of nitrogen deposition in widespread plant community change across semi-natural habitats. In: Ecosystems. 2014 ; Vol. 17, No. 5. pp. 864-877.

Bibtex

@article{a372cfdb4ab64d659485a10a8807e2c1,
title = "The role of nitrogen deposition in widespread plant community change across semi-natural habitats",
abstract = "Experimental studies have shown that deposition of reactive nitrogen is an important driver of plant community change, however, most of these experiments are of short duration with unrealistic treatments, and conducted in regions with elevated ambient deposition. Studies of spatial gradients of pollution can complement experimental data and indicate whether the potential impacts demonstrated by experiments are actually occurring in the 'real world'. However, targeted surveys exist for only a very few habitats and are not readily comparable. In a coordinated campaign, we determined the species richness and plant community composition of five widespread, semi-natural habitats across Great Britain in sites stratified along gradients of climate and pollution, and related these ecological parameters to major drivers of biodiversity, including climate, pollution deposition, and local edaphic factors. In every habitat, we found reduced species richness and changed species composition associated with higher nitrogen deposition, with remarkable consistency in relative species loss across ecosystem types. Whereas the diversity of mosses, lichens, forbs, and graminoids declines with N deposition in different habitats, the cover of graminoids generally increases. Considered alongside previous experimental studies and survey work, our results provide a compelling argument that nitrogen deposition is a widespread and pervasive threat to terrestrial ecosystems.",
keywords = "nitrogen, sulphur, climate, pollution impacts, ATMOSPHERIC NITROGEN, SPECIES RICHNESS, CALLUNA-VULGARIS, REGIONAL TRENDS, GRASSLANDS, SULFUR, VEGETATION, HEATHLAND, GRADIENT, ACIDIFICATION",
author = "Field, {Chris D.} and Dise, {Nancy B.} and Payne, {Richard J.} and Britton, {Andrea J.} and Emmett, {Bridget A.} and Helliwell, {Rachel C.} and Steve Hughes and Laurence Jones and Steven Lees and Leake, {Jonathan R.} and Leith, {Ian D.} and Phoenix, {Gareth K.} and Power, {Sally A.} and Sheppard, {Lucy J.} and Southon, {Georgina E.} and Stevens, {Carly J.} and Caporn, {Simon J. M.}",
year = "2014",
month = aug,
doi = "10.1007/s10021-014-9765-5",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "864--877",
journal = "Ecosystems",
issn = "1432-9840",
publisher = "Springer New York LLC",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of nitrogen deposition in widespread plant community change across semi-natural habitats

AU - Field, Chris D.

AU - Dise, Nancy B.

AU - Payne, Richard J.

AU - Britton, Andrea J.

AU - Emmett, Bridget A.

AU - Helliwell, Rachel C.

AU - Hughes, Steve

AU - Jones, Laurence

AU - Lees, Steven

AU - Leake, Jonathan R.

AU - Leith, Ian D.

AU - Phoenix, Gareth K.

AU - Power, Sally A.

AU - Sheppard, Lucy J.

AU - Southon, Georgina E.

AU - Stevens, Carly J.

AU - Caporn, Simon J. M.

PY - 2014/8

Y1 - 2014/8

N2 - Experimental studies have shown that deposition of reactive nitrogen is an important driver of plant community change, however, most of these experiments are of short duration with unrealistic treatments, and conducted in regions with elevated ambient deposition. Studies of spatial gradients of pollution can complement experimental data and indicate whether the potential impacts demonstrated by experiments are actually occurring in the 'real world'. However, targeted surveys exist for only a very few habitats and are not readily comparable. In a coordinated campaign, we determined the species richness and plant community composition of five widespread, semi-natural habitats across Great Britain in sites stratified along gradients of climate and pollution, and related these ecological parameters to major drivers of biodiversity, including climate, pollution deposition, and local edaphic factors. In every habitat, we found reduced species richness and changed species composition associated with higher nitrogen deposition, with remarkable consistency in relative species loss across ecosystem types. Whereas the diversity of mosses, lichens, forbs, and graminoids declines with N deposition in different habitats, the cover of graminoids generally increases. Considered alongside previous experimental studies and survey work, our results provide a compelling argument that nitrogen deposition is a widespread and pervasive threat to terrestrial ecosystems.

AB - Experimental studies have shown that deposition of reactive nitrogen is an important driver of plant community change, however, most of these experiments are of short duration with unrealistic treatments, and conducted in regions with elevated ambient deposition. Studies of spatial gradients of pollution can complement experimental data and indicate whether the potential impacts demonstrated by experiments are actually occurring in the 'real world'. However, targeted surveys exist for only a very few habitats and are not readily comparable. In a coordinated campaign, we determined the species richness and plant community composition of five widespread, semi-natural habitats across Great Britain in sites stratified along gradients of climate and pollution, and related these ecological parameters to major drivers of biodiversity, including climate, pollution deposition, and local edaphic factors. In every habitat, we found reduced species richness and changed species composition associated with higher nitrogen deposition, with remarkable consistency in relative species loss across ecosystem types. Whereas the diversity of mosses, lichens, forbs, and graminoids declines with N deposition in different habitats, the cover of graminoids generally increases. Considered alongside previous experimental studies and survey work, our results provide a compelling argument that nitrogen deposition is a widespread and pervasive threat to terrestrial ecosystems.

KW - nitrogen

KW - sulphur

KW - climate

KW - pollution impacts

KW - ATMOSPHERIC NITROGEN

KW - SPECIES RICHNESS

KW - CALLUNA-VULGARIS

KW - REGIONAL TRENDS

KW - GRASSLANDS

KW - SULFUR

KW - VEGETATION

KW - HEATHLAND

KW - GRADIENT

KW - ACIDIFICATION

U2 - 10.1007/s10021-014-9765-5

DO - 10.1007/s10021-014-9765-5

M3 - Journal article

VL - 17

SP - 864

EP - 877

JO - Ecosystems

JF - Ecosystems

SN - 1432-9840

IS - 5

ER -