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The sociolinguistics of /l/ in Manchester

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The sociolinguistics of /l/ in Manchester. / Turton, Danielle; Baranowski, Maciej.

In: Linguistics Vanguard, Vol. 7, No. 1, 20200074, 22.10.2021.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Turton, D & Baranowski, M 2021, 'The sociolinguistics of /l/ in Manchester', Linguistics Vanguard, vol. 7, no. 1, 20200074. https://doi.org/10.1515/lingvan-2020-0074

APA

Turton, D., & Baranowski, M. (2021). The sociolinguistics of /l/ in Manchester. Linguistics Vanguard, 7(1), [20200074]. https://doi.org/10.1515/lingvan-2020-0074

Vancouver

Turton D, Baranowski M. The sociolinguistics of /l/ in Manchester. Linguistics Vanguard. 2021 Oct 22;7(1). 20200074. https://doi.org/10.1515/lingvan-2020-0074

Author

Turton, Danielle ; Baranowski, Maciej. / The sociolinguistics of /l/ in Manchester. In: Linguistics Vanguard. 2021 ; Vol. 7, No. 1.

Bibtex

@article{0f5636c6686846e5bb3952272092af3f,
title = "The sociolinguistics of /l/ in Manchester",
abstract = "This paper presents a study of sociophonetic variation in the lateral approximant /l/ in Manchester, UK. We know little about how English laterals pattern sociolinguistically, despite them having been subject to extensive investigation in the phonetic literature. We present acoustic measures taken from interviews with 96 speakers from the city, stratified across five socioeconomic classes, spanning 99 years of birthdates (1907–2006). We demonstrate that word-initial /l/ is becoming darker in apparent time: younger speakers have darker /l/s. There is, however, no evidence that the allophonic status of /l/ is changing, with /l/ in all positions becoming darker. There is a monotonic relationship with social class: the higher the social class, the lighter the /l/, with some middle-class speakers showing potential of an allophonic distribution. We find an effect of ethnicity, with white speakers having darker /l/s in comparison to Black and Pakistani Mancunians. Overall, our findings are a novel contribution to the understanding of the sociophonetics of English laterals and provide new evidence of social patterning and the allophonic status of /l/ in this variety.",
keywords = "English, language variation and change, laterals, sociophonetics, sound change",
author = "Danielle Turton and Maciej Baranowski",
year = "2021",
month = oct,
day = "22",
doi = "10.1515/lingvan-2020-0074",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Linguistics Vanguard",
issn = "2199-174X",
publisher = "De Gruyter",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The sociolinguistics of /l/ in Manchester

AU - Turton, Danielle

AU - Baranowski, Maciej

PY - 2021/10/22

Y1 - 2021/10/22

N2 - This paper presents a study of sociophonetic variation in the lateral approximant /l/ in Manchester, UK. We know little about how English laterals pattern sociolinguistically, despite them having been subject to extensive investigation in the phonetic literature. We present acoustic measures taken from interviews with 96 speakers from the city, stratified across five socioeconomic classes, spanning 99 years of birthdates (1907–2006). We demonstrate that word-initial /l/ is becoming darker in apparent time: younger speakers have darker /l/s. There is, however, no evidence that the allophonic status of /l/ is changing, with /l/ in all positions becoming darker. There is a monotonic relationship with social class: the higher the social class, the lighter the /l/, with some middle-class speakers showing potential of an allophonic distribution. We find an effect of ethnicity, with white speakers having darker /l/s in comparison to Black and Pakistani Mancunians. Overall, our findings are a novel contribution to the understanding of the sociophonetics of English laterals and provide new evidence of social patterning and the allophonic status of /l/ in this variety.

AB - This paper presents a study of sociophonetic variation in the lateral approximant /l/ in Manchester, UK. We know little about how English laterals pattern sociolinguistically, despite them having been subject to extensive investigation in the phonetic literature. We present acoustic measures taken from interviews with 96 speakers from the city, stratified across five socioeconomic classes, spanning 99 years of birthdates (1907–2006). We demonstrate that word-initial /l/ is becoming darker in apparent time: younger speakers have darker /l/s. There is, however, no evidence that the allophonic status of /l/ is changing, with /l/ in all positions becoming darker. There is a monotonic relationship with social class: the higher the social class, the lighter the /l/, with some middle-class speakers showing potential of an allophonic distribution. We find an effect of ethnicity, with white speakers having darker /l/s in comparison to Black and Pakistani Mancunians. Overall, our findings are a novel contribution to the understanding of the sociophonetics of English laterals and provide new evidence of social patterning and the allophonic status of /l/ in this variety.

KW - English

KW - language variation and change

KW - laterals

KW - sociophonetics

KW - sound change

U2 - 10.1515/lingvan-2020-0074

DO - 10.1515/lingvan-2020-0074

M3 - Journal article

VL - 7

JO - Linguistics Vanguard

JF - Linguistics Vanguard

SN - 2199-174X

IS - 1

M1 - 20200074

ER -