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The status of organochlorine pesticide contamination in the soils of the Campanian Plain, southern Italy, and correlations with soil properties and cancer risk

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The status of organochlorine pesticide contamination in the soils of the Campanian Plain, southern Italy, and correlations with soil properties and cancer risk. / Qu, Chengkai; Albanese, Stefano; Chen, Wei; Lima, Annamaria; Doherty, Angela L.; Piccolo, Alessandro; Arienzo, Michele; Qi, Shihua; De Vivo, Benedetto.

In: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 216, 09.2016, p. 500-511.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Qu, C, Albanese, S, Chen, W, Lima, A, Doherty, AL, Piccolo, A, Arienzo, M, Qi, S & De Vivo, B 2016, 'The status of organochlorine pesticide contamination in the soils of the Campanian Plain, southern Italy, and correlations with soil properties and cancer risk', Environmental Pollution, vol. 216, pp. 500-511. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2016.05.089

APA

Qu, C., Albanese, S., Chen, W., Lima, A., Doherty, A. L., Piccolo, A., Arienzo, M., Qi, S., & De Vivo, B. (2016). The status of organochlorine pesticide contamination in the soils of the Campanian Plain, southern Italy, and correlations with soil properties and cancer risk. Environmental Pollution, 216, 500-511. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2016.05.089

Vancouver

Author

Qu, Chengkai ; Albanese, Stefano ; Chen, Wei ; Lima, Annamaria ; Doherty, Angela L. ; Piccolo, Alessandro ; Arienzo, Michele ; Qi, Shihua ; De Vivo, Benedetto. / The status of organochlorine pesticide contamination in the soils of the Campanian Plain, southern Italy, and correlations with soil properties and cancer risk. In: Environmental Pollution. 2016 ; Vol. 216. pp. 500-511.

Bibtex

@article{531068e95fca4234826f370e4fadfa2e,
title = "The status of organochlorine pesticide contamination in the soils of the Campanian Plain, southern Italy, and correlations with soil properties and cancer risk",
abstract = "The distribution, inventory, and potential risk of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), including Hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) and Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs), and their correlation with soil properties and anthropogenic factors were investigated in soils of the Campanian Plain. The total concentrations of HCHs and DDTs ranged from 0.03 to 17.3 ng/g (geometric mean: GM = 0.05 ng/g), and 0.08–1231 ng/g (GM = 14.4 ng/g), respectively. In general, the concentration of OCPs in farmland and orchards was higher than on land used for non-agricultural purposes. There are significant differences in the concentration of OCPs in the soils across the region, more specifically, the Acerra-Marigliano conurbation (AMC) and Sarno River Basin (SRB) are recognized as severely OCP-contaminated areas. The recent application of technical HCHs and DDTs in large quantities appears unlikely in light of the ratio of α-HCH/β-HCH and p,p′-DDT/p,p′-DDE, and the prohibition of the use of these chemicals in Italy nearly forty years ago. The clear correlation between the concentration of DDTs and organic carbon suggests a typical secondary distribution pattern. The mass inventory of OCPs in soils of the Campanian Plain is estimated to have a GM of 17.3 metric tons. There is no clear evidence linking the impact of geographical distribution of OCPs on the incidence of cancer, and the 95% confidence interval of total incremental lifetime cancer risk (TILCR) data falls below the internationally accepted benchmark value of 1 × 10−5.",
keywords = "Organochlorine pesticides, Soil property, Mass inventory, Risk assessment, Campanian Plain",
author = "Chengkai Qu and Stefano Albanese and Wei Chen and Annamaria Lima and Doherty, {Angela L.} and Alessandro Piccolo and Michele Arienzo and Shihua Qi and {De Vivo}, Benedetto",
year = "2016",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1016/j.envpol.2016.05.089",
language = "English",
volume = "216",
pages = "500--511",
journal = "Environmental Pollution",
issn = "0269-7491",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The status of organochlorine pesticide contamination in the soils of the Campanian Plain, southern Italy, and correlations with soil properties and cancer risk

AU - Qu, Chengkai

AU - Albanese, Stefano

AU - Chen, Wei

AU - Lima, Annamaria

AU - Doherty, Angela L.

AU - Piccolo, Alessandro

AU - Arienzo, Michele

AU - Qi, Shihua

AU - De Vivo, Benedetto

PY - 2016/9

Y1 - 2016/9

N2 - The distribution, inventory, and potential risk of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), including Hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) and Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs), and their correlation with soil properties and anthropogenic factors were investigated in soils of the Campanian Plain. The total concentrations of HCHs and DDTs ranged from 0.03 to 17.3 ng/g (geometric mean: GM = 0.05 ng/g), and 0.08–1231 ng/g (GM = 14.4 ng/g), respectively. In general, the concentration of OCPs in farmland and orchards was higher than on land used for non-agricultural purposes. There are significant differences in the concentration of OCPs in the soils across the region, more specifically, the Acerra-Marigliano conurbation (AMC) and Sarno River Basin (SRB) are recognized as severely OCP-contaminated areas. The recent application of technical HCHs and DDTs in large quantities appears unlikely in light of the ratio of α-HCH/β-HCH and p,p′-DDT/p,p′-DDE, and the prohibition of the use of these chemicals in Italy nearly forty years ago. The clear correlation between the concentration of DDTs and organic carbon suggests a typical secondary distribution pattern. The mass inventory of OCPs in soils of the Campanian Plain is estimated to have a GM of 17.3 metric tons. There is no clear evidence linking the impact of geographical distribution of OCPs on the incidence of cancer, and the 95% confidence interval of total incremental lifetime cancer risk (TILCR) data falls below the internationally accepted benchmark value of 1 × 10−5.

AB - The distribution, inventory, and potential risk of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), including Hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) and Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs), and their correlation with soil properties and anthropogenic factors were investigated in soils of the Campanian Plain. The total concentrations of HCHs and DDTs ranged from 0.03 to 17.3 ng/g (geometric mean: GM = 0.05 ng/g), and 0.08–1231 ng/g (GM = 14.4 ng/g), respectively. In general, the concentration of OCPs in farmland and orchards was higher than on land used for non-agricultural purposes. There are significant differences in the concentration of OCPs in the soils across the region, more specifically, the Acerra-Marigliano conurbation (AMC) and Sarno River Basin (SRB) are recognized as severely OCP-contaminated areas. The recent application of technical HCHs and DDTs in large quantities appears unlikely in light of the ratio of α-HCH/β-HCH and p,p′-DDT/p,p′-DDE, and the prohibition of the use of these chemicals in Italy nearly forty years ago. The clear correlation between the concentration of DDTs and organic carbon suggests a typical secondary distribution pattern. The mass inventory of OCPs in soils of the Campanian Plain is estimated to have a GM of 17.3 metric tons. There is no clear evidence linking the impact of geographical distribution of OCPs on the incidence of cancer, and the 95% confidence interval of total incremental lifetime cancer risk (TILCR) data falls below the internationally accepted benchmark value of 1 × 10−5.

KW - Organochlorine pesticides

KW - Soil property

KW - Mass inventory

KW - Risk assessment

KW - Campanian Plain

U2 - 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.05.089

DO - 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.05.089

M3 - Journal article

VL - 216

SP - 500

EP - 511

JO - Environmental Pollution

JF - Environmental Pollution

SN - 0269-7491

ER -