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Three‐dimensional scanning for measurement of bulk density in gravelly soils

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Three‐dimensional scanning for measurement of bulk density in gravelly soils. / Scanlan, C. A.; Rahmani, Hossein; Bowles, R.; Bennamoun, Mohammed.

In: Soil Use and Management, Vol. 34, No. 3, 09.2018, p. 380-387.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Scanlan, CA, Rahmani, H, Bowles, R & Bennamoun, M 2018, 'Three‐dimensional scanning for measurement of bulk density in gravelly soils', Soil Use and Management, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 380-387. https://doi.org/10.1111/sum.12426

APA

Scanlan, C. A., Rahmani, H., Bowles, R., & Bennamoun, M. (2018). Three‐dimensional scanning for measurement of bulk density in gravelly soils. Soil Use and Management, 34(3), 380-387. https://doi.org/10.1111/sum.12426

Vancouver

Scanlan CA, Rahmani H, Bowles R, Bennamoun M. Three‐dimensional scanning for measurement of bulk density in gravelly soils. Soil Use and Management. 2018 Sep;34(3):380-387. https://doi.org/10.1111/sum.12426

Author

Scanlan, C. A. ; Rahmani, Hossein ; Bowles, R. ; Bennamoun, Mohammed. / Three‐dimensional scanning for measurement of bulk density in gravelly soils. In: Soil Use and Management. 2018 ; Vol. 34, No. 3. pp. 380-387.

Bibtex

@article{29c304dd295144b3906ab22ab91f6bef,
title = "Three‐dimensional scanning for measurement of bulk density in gravelly soils",
abstract = "The measurement of bulk density in gravelly soils (>15% soil particles >2 mm) is more time‐consuming than for other soils. The excavation method, usually employed for measurement of bulk density in gravelly soils, includes excavating a void and calculating volume of the void from the weight and density of the material (e.g. sand and plaster cast) used to fill the void. A 3‐dimensional (3D) scanning system was developed to measure the volume of the void created when using the excavation method. The 3D scanning system combined a time‐of‐flight camera (Kinect {\texttrademark}), the KinectFusion algorithm, MeshLab and a portable computer to produce a 3D model of the void or plaster cast. Experiments were completed at three field sites where soil gravel (>2 mm) content ranged from 35 to 71% to assess the performance of the system. The void volume measured using the 3D scanning system was highly correlated with measurements using the plaster cast method (r = 0.99). The cumulative time taken to measure soil bulk density using 3D scanning was significantly (P < 0.001) less than for the sand replacement at 0–10, 10–20, 20–30 and 30–40 cm depth. The faster measurement of subsurface bulk density is a significant advantage of the 3D scanning system; the time taken to measure bulk density to 40 cm in 10 cm increments using the 3D scanning system was about one‐third of the sand method.",
author = "Scanlan, {C. A.} and Hossein Rahmani and R. Bowles and Mohammed Bennamoun",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2018 Commonwealth of Australia. Soil Use and Management published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Society of Soil Science",
year = "2018",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1111/sum.12426",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "380--387",
journal = "Soil Use and Management",
issn = "0266-0032",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Three‐dimensional scanning for measurement of bulk density in gravelly soils

AU - Scanlan, C. A.

AU - Rahmani, Hossein

AU - Bowles, R.

AU - Bennamoun, Mohammed

N1 - © 2018 Commonwealth of Australia. Soil Use and Management published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Society of Soil Science

PY - 2018/9

Y1 - 2018/9

N2 - The measurement of bulk density in gravelly soils (>15% soil particles >2 mm) is more time‐consuming than for other soils. The excavation method, usually employed for measurement of bulk density in gravelly soils, includes excavating a void and calculating volume of the void from the weight and density of the material (e.g. sand and plaster cast) used to fill the void. A 3‐dimensional (3D) scanning system was developed to measure the volume of the void created when using the excavation method. The 3D scanning system combined a time‐of‐flight camera (Kinect ™), the KinectFusion algorithm, MeshLab and a portable computer to produce a 3D model of the void or plaster cast. Experiments were completed at three field sites where soil gravel (>2 mm) content ranged from 35 to 71% to assess the performance of the system. The void volume measured using the 3D scanning system was highly correlated with measurements using the plaster cast method (r = 0.99). The cumulative time taken to measure soil bulk density using 3D scanning was significantly (P < 0.001) less than for the sand replacement at 0–10, 10–20, 20–30 and 30–40 cm depth. The faster measurement of subsurface bulk density is a significant advantage of the 3D scanning system; the time taken to measure bulk density to 40 cm in 10 cm increments using the 3D scanning system was about one‐third of the sand method.

AB - The measurement of bulk density in gravelly soils (>15% soil particles >2 mm) is more time‐consuming than for other soils. The excavation method, usually employed for measurement of bulk density in gravelly soils, includes excavating a void and calculating volume of the void from the weight and density of the material (e.g. sand and plaster cast) used to fill the void. A 3‐dimensional (3D) scanning system was developed to measure the volume of the void created when using the excavation method. The 3D scanning system combined a time‐of‐flight camera (Kinect ™), the KinectFusion algorithm, MeshLab and a portable computer to produce a 3D model of the void or plaster cast. Experiments were completed at three field sites where soil gravel (>2 mm) content ranged from 35 to 71% to assess the performance of the system. The void volume measured using the 3D scanning system was highly correlated with measurements using the plaster cast method (r = 0.99). The cumulative time taken to measure soil bulk density using 3D scanning was significantly (P < 0.001) less than for the sand replacement at 0–10, 10–20, 20–30 and 30–40 cm depth. The faster measurement of subsurface bulk density is a significant advantage of the 3D scanning system; the time taken to measure bulk density to 40 cm in 10 cm increments using the 3D scanning system was about one‐third of the sand method.

U2 - 10.1111/sum.12426

DO - 10.1111/sum.12426

M3 - Journal article

VL - 34

SP - 380

EP - 387

JO - Soil Use and Management

JF - Soil Use and Management

SN - 0266-0032

IS - 3

ER -