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Tinnitus referral pathways within the national health service in England: A survey of their perceived effectiveness among audiology staff

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Tinnitus referral pathways within the national health service in England : A survey of their perceived effectiveness among audiology staff. / Gander, Phillip E.; Hoare, Derek J.; Collins, Luke; Smith, Sandra; Hall, Deborah A.

In: BMC Health Services Research, Vol. 11, 162, 06.07.2011.

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Gander, Phillip E. ; Hoare, Derek J. ; Collins, Luke ; Smith, Sandra ; Hall, Deborah A. / Tinnitus referral pathways within the national health service in England : A survey of their perceived effectiveness among audiology staff. In: BMC Health Services Research. 2011 ; Vol. 11.

Bibtex

@article{c15f100acbb14e49aa220c5eadeeb03b,
title = "Tinnitus referral pathways within the national health service in England: A survey of their perceived effectiveness among audiology staff",
abstract = "Background: In the UK, audiology services deliver the majority of tinnitus patient care, but not all patients experience the same level of service. In 2009, the Department of Health released a Good Practice Guide to inform commissioners about key aspects of a quality tinnitus service in order to promote equity of tinnitus patient care in UK primary care, audiology, and in specialist multi-disciplinary centres. The purpose of the present research was to evaluate utilisation and opinions on pathways for the referral of tinnitus patients to and from English Audiology Departments. Methods. We surveyed all audiology staff engaged in providing tinnitus services across England. A 36-item questionnaire was mailed to 351 clinicians in all 163 National Health Service (NHS) Trusts identified as having a tinnitus service. 138 clinicians responded. The results presented here describe experiences and opinions of the current patient pathways to and from the audiology tinnitus service. Results: The most common referral pathway was from general practice to a hospital-based Ear, Nose & Throat department and from there to a hospital-based audiology department (64%). Respondents considered the NHS tinnitus referral process to be generally effective (67%), but expressed needs for improving GP referral and patients' access to services. 'Open access' to the audiology clinic was rarely an option for patients (9%), nor was the opportunity to access specialist counselling provided by clinical psychology (35%). To decrease the number of inappropriate referrals, 40% of respondents called for greater awareness by referrers about the audiology tinnitus service. Conclusions: Respondents in the present survey were generally satisfied with the tinnitus referral system. However, they highlighted some potential targets for service improvement including 1] faster and more appropriate referral from GPs, to be achieved through education on tinnitus referral criteria, 2] improved access to psychological services through audiologist training, and 3] ongoing support from tinnitus support groups, national charities, or open access to the tinnitus clinic for existing patients.",
keywords = "National Health Service, Referral Process , Tinnitus Patient, Referral Criterion, National Health Service Trust",
author = "Gander, {Phillip E.} and Hoare, {Derek J.} and Luke Collins and Sandra Smith and Hall, {Deborah A.}",
year = "2011",
month = jul,
day = "6",
doi = "10.1186/1472-6963-11-162",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "BMC Health Services Research",
issn = "1472-6963",
publisher = "BMC",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tinnitus referral pathways within the national health service in England

T2 - A survey of their perceived effectiveness among audiology staff

AU - Gander, Phillip E.

AU - Hoare, Derek J.

AU - Collins, Luke

AU - Smith, Sandra

AU - Hall, Deborah A.

PY - 2011/7/6

Y1 - 2011/7/6

N2 - Background: In the UK, audiology services deliver the majority of tinnitus patient care, but not all patients experience the same level of service. In 2009, the Department of Health released a Good Practice Guide to inform commissioners about key aspects of a quality tinnitus service in order to promote equity of tinnitus patient care in UK primary care, audiology, and in specialist multi-disciplinary centres. The purpose of the present research was to evaluate utilisation and opinions on pathways for the referral of tinnitus patients to and from English Audiology Departments. Methods. We surveyed all audiology staff engaged in providing tinnitus services across England. A 36-item questionnaire was mailed to 351 clinicians in all 163 National Health Service (NHS) Trusts identified as having a tinnitus service. 138 clinicians responded. The results presented here describe experiences and opinions of the current patient pathways to and from the audiology tinnitus service. Results: The most common referral pathway was from general practice to a hospital-based Ear, Nose & Throat department and from there to a hospital-based audiology department (64%). Respondents considered the NHS tinnitus referral process to be generally effective (67%), but expressed needs for improving GP referral and patients' access to services. 'Open access' to the audiology clinic was rarely an option for patients (9%), nor was the opportunity to access specialist counselling provided by clinical psychology (35%). To decrease the number of inappropriate referrals, 40% of respondents called for greater awareness by referrers about the audiology tinnitus service. Conclusions: Respondents in the present survey were generally satisfied with the tinnitus referral system. However, they highlighted some potential targets for service improvement including 1] faster and more appropriate referral from GPs, to be achieved through education on tinnitus referral criteria, 2] improved access to psychological services through audiologist training, and 3] ongoing support from tinnitus support groups, national charities, or open access to the tinnitus clinic for existing patients.

AB - Background: In the UK, audiology services deliver the majority of tinnitus patient care, but not all patients experience the same level of service. In 2009, the Department of Health released a Good Practice Guide to inform commissioners about key aspects of a quality tinnitus service in order to promote equity of tinnitus patient care in UK primary care, audiology, and in specialist multi-disciplinary centres. The purpose of the present research was to evaluate utilisation and opinions on pathways for the referral of tinnitus patients to and from English Audiology Departments. Methods. We surveyed all audiology staff engaged in providing tinnitus services across England. A 36-item questionnaire was mailed to 351 clinicians in all 163 National Health Service (NHS) Trusts identified as having a tinnitus service. 138 clinicians responded. The results presented here describe experiences and opinions of the current patient pathways to and from the audiology tinnitus service. Results: The most common referral pathway was from general practice to a hospital-based Ear, Nose & Throat department and from there to a hospital-based audiology department (64%). Respondents considered the NHS tinnitus referral process to be generally effective (67%), but expressed needs for improving GP referral and patients' access to services. 'Open access' to the audiology clinic was rarely an option for patients (9%), nor was the opportunity to access specialist counselling provided by clinical psychology (35%). To decrease the number of inappropriate referrals, 40% of respondents called for greater awareness by referrers about the audiology tinnitus service. Conclusions: Respondents in the present survey were generally satisfied with the tinnitus referral system. However, they highlighted some potential targets for service improvement including 1] faster and more appropriate referral from GPs, to be achieved through education on tinnitus referral criteria, 2] improved access to psychological services through audiologist training, and 3] ongoing support from tinnitus support groups, national charities, or open access to the tinnitus clinic for existing patients.

KW - National Health Service

KW - Referral Process

KW - Tinnitus Patient

KW - Referral Criterion

KW - National Health Service Trust

U2 - 10.1186/1472-6963-11-162

DO - 10.1186/1472-6963-11-162

M3 - Review article

C2 - 21733188

AN - SCOPUS:79959890607

VL - 11

JO - BMC Health Services Research

JF - BMC Health Services Research

SN - 1472-6963

M1 - 162

ER -