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Towards Robust Diagnosis of COVID-19 using Vision Self-attention Transformer

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • Fozia Mehboob
  • Abdul Rauf
  • Richard Jiang
  • A.K.J. Saudagar
  • Khalid Mahmood Malik
  • Muhammad Badruddin Khan
  • Mozaherul Hoque Abdul Hasnat
  • Abdullah AlTameem
  • Mohammed AlKhathami
Article number8922
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>26/05/2022
<mark>Journal</mark>Scientific Reports
Number of pages12
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The outbreak of COVID-19, since its appearance, has affected about 200 countries and endangered millions of lives. COVID-19 is extremely contagious disease, and it can quickly incapacitate the healthcare systems if infected cases are not handled timely. Several Conventional Neural Networks (CNN) based techniques have been developed to diagnose the COVID-19. These techniques require a large, labelled dataset to train the algorithm fully, but there are not too many labelled datasets. To mitigate this problem and facilitate the diagnosis of COVID-19, we developed a self-attention transformer-based approach having self-attention mechanism using CT slices. The architecture of transformer can exploit the ample unlabelled datasets using pre-training. The paper aims to compare the performances of self-attention transformer-based approach with CNN and Ensemble classifiers for diagnosis of COVID-19 using binary Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and multi-class Hybrid-learning for UnbiaSed predicTion of COVID-19 (HUST-19) CT scan dataset. To perform this comparison, we have tested Deep learning-based classifiers and ensemble classifiers with proposed approach using CT scan images. Proposed approach is more effective in detection of COVID-19 with an accuracy of 99.7% on multi-class HUST-19, whereas 98% on binary class SARS-CoV-2 dataset. Cross corpus evaluation achieves accuracy of 93% by training the model with Hust19 dataset and testing using Brazilian COVID dataset