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Towards Smart Education through the Internet of Things: A Survey

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • Afzal Badshah
  • Anwar Ghani
  • Ali Daud
  • Ateeqa Jalal
  • Muhammad Bilal
  • Jon Crowcroft
Article number26
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>14/09/2023
<mark>Journal</mark>ACM Computing Surveys
Issue number2
Number of pages33
Pages (from-to)1-33
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date21/07/23
<mark>Original language</mark>English


IoT is a fundamental enabling technology for creating smart spaces, which can assist the effective face-to-face and online education systems. The transition to smart education (integrating IoT and AI into the education system) is appealing, which has a concrete impact on learners’ engagement, motivation, attendance, and deep learning. Traditional education faces many challenges, including administration, pedagogy, assessment, and classroom supervision. Recent developments in ICT (e.g., IoT, AI, and 5G) have yielded lots of smart solutions for various aspects of life; however, smart solutions are not well integrated into the education system. In particular, the COVID-19 pandemic situation had further emphasized the adoption of new smart solutions in education. This study reviews the related studies and addresses the (i) problems in the traditional education system with possible solutions, (ii) the transition towards smart education, and (iii) research challenges in the transition to smart education (i.e., computational and social resistance). Considering these studies, smart solutions (e.g., smart pedagogy, smart assessment, smart classroom, smart administration) are introduced to the problems of the traditional system. This exploratory study opens new trends for scholars and the market to integrate ICT, IoT, and AI into smart education.