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Tunable luminescence and energy transfer from Ce3+ to Dy3+ in Ca3Al2O6 host matrix prepared via a facile sol-gel process

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  • Qinjiang He
  • Renli Fu
  • Xiufeng Song
  • Haitao Zhu
  • Xinqing Su
  • Chaoqun You
Article number151960
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>25/11/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Alloys and Compounds
Number of pages9
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date22/08/19
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Herein, Ce3+ and Ce3+/Dy3+ co-doped Ca3Al2O6 phosphors have been designed and synthesized via a facile citrate-based sol-gel technique, and their structural, photoluminescence properties and energy transfer phenomenon were investigated comprehensively. The XRD analysis indicated that pure Ca3Al2O6 phase can be synthesized at low temperature (1000 °C) for merely 2 h. The photoluminescence spectra showed the dominant emission of Ce3+ singly doped phosphors is located in the blue region even at low Ce3+ doping level, which indeed favors the energy transfer from Ce3+ to other luminescent centers. When Dy3+ is co-doped into Ca3Al2O6:Ce3+ phosphors, the remarkable sensitizing effect of Ce3+ on Dy3+ is validated by comparatively analyzing the excitation, emission spectra and average lifetimes of the series of samples. Through the concentration quenching theory, the critical distance between Ce3+ and Dy3+ is calculated to be 13.50 Å. Furthermore, the energy transfer mechanism between them is most likely ascribed to electric dipole-dipole interaction. In virtue of the variation of the emission intensities of Ce3+ and Dy3+, the emitting colors of Ca3Al2O6:Ce3+, Dy3+ phosphors can realize tunable luminescence from deep blue to bluish-white region through controlling the Dy3+ content. Based on these analysis, Ca3Al2O6:Ce3+, Dy3+ phosphors could potentially be applied as a single-phase color-tunable phosphors pumped by near-ultraviolet (n-UV) radiation.